session strategy

Capped Game Spots, Part II

Differing from the first installment of this slightly dull series of posts, aimed specifically at the die-hards (including myself) and the cubicle grinders who read my pieces on smartphones between hands or on the toilet at work, these spots were part of two adjacent but brutal sessions where very little went my way in terms of results. What connects these to last time’s crushing sessions is the buy in and betting caps which foreshorten the action, as well as the gameflow adjustments which are at the heart of winning poker in any circumstance and escaping the TAG’s Dilemma. I mention this in part because nothing is more boring than hand histories. They are skeletons; gameflow is the spell that makes them dance. (I will soon compose a post on What Makes a Good Hand History and Why.)

Oddly, I don’t believe there is a textbook for dealing with these capped cash games, so far as I can tell. The capitols and metropoli of poker have naught but disdain for us backwoodsers (maybe someone will correct me). Much like seat selection versus competing concerns and deep positional dynamics, the wisdom available for the nuances of these situations is limited and what is there is “trop simple,” as a frustrated cab driver once complained about my illiterate and enthusiastic directions. I have my theories, which I will not always share explicitly, but as usual, you might find them in between the lines. In any case, travelling about less and less and hosting less and less, these games have become my bread and butter.

(5)

Before I get to a series of PFR Flop Check-Raises, which I know will interest a few out there, I will instead lead with a perhaps well-played hand by a villain and I, where I extract the absolute maximum after putting my tough opponent to the test.

Two competent young players sit down. You know they learned online, not even because of some personal habit or appearance, but by their nitty betsizing which is intended to accomplish the most for the least. That’s not live poker on the whole, which is big and sloppy and where every hand matters. Online, players form a kind of Walmart of poker, where every edge is accounted for and they shave pennies off dimes. UPC code poker. Here in the live low stakes, we’re more Mom and Pop. Every customer’s order is different and nothing has a price tag on it. We’ll sell it to you for the price that feels right.

So when NL25 Grinder #2 opens to $15 at my 3/5 game from the cutoff, I don’t get to use the usual betsizing info that can make my life easy or even very easy. However, because of his frequencies, his age, and his overall demeanor, I think he has an boringly predictable opening range consisting of solid value or potential (suited only) value holding, and is not picking on the blinds as I would with almost anything remotely smelling of three days old playable. There is also the more obvious problem with his raise: I get a great price to play in position against him. Theoretically he should be very tight or balanced or good to overcome this approach.

But more about me. His action further means that when I see the QJdd on the button, I can’t lazily raise him- and in truth, nor do I want to. This hand is perfect to flat with and play for such a good price. With 100 bbs to play for, calling is a good option versus this player at this time and chances of a squeeze near zero. Deeper, a three bet might be better, or perhaps if I were out of position and would want barreling opportunities in an reraised pot, the benefits of initiative, and good board coverage.

Our flop is 10c7d4s, which he bets. I will be definitely floating this flop. In fact, it’s pretty much a nut flop to continue on, with multiple draws that can come in and cards that will improve my hand.

The turn is a funny one, though: the 10d. It’s obviously in my range and improves my equity. Yet now that it is paired, it is harder for me to have it. NL25 Grinder #2 checks to me.

Since I would bet trips, I am surely going to bet my bluffs as well. In fact, I plan to shove the river and follow up satisfactorily. I have my tactic, and frankly, it’s a good one. I’m a little surprised when NL25G#2 calls me: he’s cottoned on to what I am doing, it seems. Lots of tables in this one!

The river peels off an offsuit Queen, which he once again checks. Now I am still shoving, but the board has given me different reasons to do so. If I had diamonds, I can get looked up light by jacks or nines. If he has aces, maybe he can fold.

I don’t care. I have my plan and now it’s not just a bluff but a merge.

After some thought, NL25G#2 calls, sees my hand and is dismayed. He saw through me on the turn, recognized the likelihood of a move once he checked, but could not anticipate the queen. I am paid the max by what was likely an adventurous pair of nines: the danger of playing bluff catcher.

I like my play and his here; maybe his a little less. If he was planning on calling the river, what a great x/r he could have made on the turn! There’s a lot to be gained from this hand, including river sizing, fighting floats, and the careless power of merging. What would I do against a check raise on the turn? If brodude did that, it’s time to pop the cork on the Red Bull and head to NL50.

(6)

In a more straightforward spot, I open JJ to 5x and find one caller, mostly unknown to me, who is in position with 100 bbs effective. He’s lean and stingy-looking: I read Careful and Prideful plus Ramen Noodles. The flop is 894 rainbow. Because he rates to have so much air, gutterballs, and pairs that will not pay off more than one street, and which I will have to pay off should a disguised hand come in, I choose to let him bet for me, and check. Since he is prideful, I expect a steal or at least a bet. He bets 40 into 55. I raise to 130.

Stingy takes a long time with it- I am surprised. He seems genuinely concerned about this spot. It’s true that I will take this line with hands like AK, and I wonder if he was thinking of shipping 76 or 98 on me.

After all, it’s what I want. However, Stingy does fold, and I collect. Would I make the call with AK given his tank? That is the 100 bb question. Not all check raises are equal, nor do I find the need to be committed: all actions are information and all dollars equal value.

(7)

I actually like this hand the most, as simple and short as it is, because it involves knowing my man so well. Here I open A5ss to 5x, and unfortunately pick up the only mini stack at the table.

My villain I know. He’s a tournament reg who is extremely, self-destructively active. He probably started the evening off with an amount of money in his pocket, and after busting the donkament, has no problem sitting in at cash until it’s gone and time to head home. He’s a cocky fellow, physically fit and perfectly calm running his myriad moves. Obviously with Ax and only 40 bbs to play for, I would need a hand to play him if I had a more Regthink™ style.

We see 10s 2c 4d. A neutral flop – one where neither of us has range advantage and the runout will favor the aggressor, not the range. I can’t bet because I will be trapped by his flat, and can be raised off my equity. I have hidden information, though: that is to say that I know his range is incredibly wide. My challenge here is claiming the pot and not letting him leverage his mini stack and position.

A5 handBecause he is very aggressive, I expect him bet when checked to – even with absolute air and getting close to commitment. That’s playing the player. A quick look at a possible range for him confirms my in-game intuition that he is nearing empty on value hands. Moreover, while I have air as well, I have some stuff going for me: My ace is likely good (but I’d prefer he folds the ones he does have), given that he raises or shoves good Ax, and the gutter and the back door floor give me a few pips of equity. Against this ridiculous range that I’m giving him, I’m actually a slight favorite.

Once I check my plan is not leave him any wiggle room if he bets. I like checking as well because I can improve for free. It’s the right play.

However, he does choose to bet, and now, to follow through, I put him all in. It’s an overbet but plays the stacks correctly, one of my big concerns in poker.

That’s when the psychologically interesting thing happens. Villain starts muttering to himself. He is angry: a rarely expressed emotion for him. He’s fallen into a check raise, the hardest play to combat in poker. I’ve given him no room to maneuver. He’s even more deeply in a box because he thinks of me as a much tighter player than I am: the benefit of managing your game and image carefully. His disgust registers the idea that I can’t be bluffing and he is going to make an unhappy fold of some piece of equity, such as one of the many draws or perhaps a weak pair (not many of those) which he can’t feel is good. With no flush draw to put me on, the dry board does not lend itself to my having air or worse than AK.

He releases, and I’m happy to have defeated a short stacker. What was his error? Really, it’s just getting involved in the first place versus my early position raise and holding a speculative hand. If I had bet flop, it would have been as bad as his preflop call. Stacks are everything in cash game poker, if not beyond.

(8)

The most interesting of the hands came in sequence after the others – this matters. After chipping up in this fashion, without showdown, I now well cover the table- silent and weary when I am involved- with the exception of one player. When you are deep enough to be painful with someone, you have to pay special attention to their play, and here a unique situation occurs which may have cost me a bet or thrown me. At the very least I also think I sized my turn bet incorrectly and cost myself a few more blinds than necessary.

Again I am in EP with a playable hand, AcQh. After opening to 5x, I pick up the villain in hand 5, as well as the deeper opponent who will be most relevant here and who is on the button. I have observed him to be straightforwardly tight but unwilling to let go of draws. In other words, not entirely a nit. For this reason, when the flop comes a challenging Ah Jc 8c, I again decide to check raise. If I take a bet/bet line, I will not know which draw either villain is on, and my hand is strong enough to play for 125 bbs. I’m also expecting to have a much tougher decision if the tournament player bets and the solid villain in absolute position raises. I don’t expect him to raise with a draw but instead pursue. I have now check/raised multiple times in the past two orbits and I don’t expect these players to fall into my plans so easily. Oddly, this might have influenced the button’s decision to bet, as I likely seemed a bit hesitant on the flop: I had considered betting to mix up my lines and press the easy button, even if it is less optimal.

So once the tournament player checks, I have my green light. Button bets $40 into $80 and I raise to $130, still not committed. To my surprise and discomfort, he seems very happy to call, asking “how much?” while gathering the chips. He has a big draw or is slowplaying two pair, of which all combinations are available. He does not have a set. With the Ace of clubs in my hand, I’m a little confused – what does he have? The Kc, Qc, 10c, and 9c all compose parts of his range.

On the turn things go awry. It’s the 7h, and he checks out of turn. I have to use this information to my advantage. I don’t think it’s angle, at least at first- so what can he check behind with??? The obvious draw has not come in, and only 109 completes. That means I can still be ahead. I continue, betting 3/4 pot. Looking back, this is a mistake.

He now shoves on me and I am boxed in. I thought I had been taking advantage of his order of action mistake, but at least one of two things have happened. I have been angled, and could have checked leaving him unable to bet as per rules for this situation. Because I have not improved and his range has, I needed to let this free card come if my plan was not to call a raise. The second possibility is that he has forgotten what position he is in, is checking to induce, and which is a good play against a thin value bettor, a strong range, and a neutral play against a range that will not bet most of the time.

Why would I not call a raise? Because I had my read: he was a chaser and a value bettor. This was never a move. Also, as I mentioned, my bet was a tad large. Two thirds pot was fine, and I see I was trying to discourage a call with a massive draw, being out of position.

Nerves and a poor interpretation of the out of turn check costs me two nice stacks. More deeply, I somewhat dislike my exploitative bet on the turn: someone once pointed out that we need to stay balanced for more than the obvious reasons – where is that post? In any case, Villain and I discuss, briefly, the hand and I believe him when he explains it was not an angle, and that he did have 109 for the nuts.

Well, hopefully that wasn’t too dreadful. A few hands later I end up switching up my tactics, certain that after watching this hand go down that my check/raise line was going to be exploited. Instead, again holding top pair on a dangerous board, I make an inducing bet, hoping to get shoved on by a short stack. However, he simply calls and binks turn, leaving me with another loss after his very poor flop call (flatting my 9x iso with 58hh and $200 back). I called it a night. After four straight check-raises it felt like the right move, and given how indifferent this player was to odds or thinking about equities, I doubt the results are different.

Moving on.

****

Speaking of, I had decided to take a break from blogging to deal with personal issues, but I am back at it, it seems, though less often. While I still have much to fix, I have discovered that the blog is something positive in my life and abandoning it was not really the answer long term. Hopefully at some point I’ll get back to my prior frequencies, but until then, thanks for reading and for your support.

3 Comments

  1. Glad you are back to blogging! Great strategy/hand recap post.What software is that yellow and blue chart?

  2. Thanks. That is a clip from an analysis page in Equilab, the cheapskate poker player’s best tool and actually pretty damn useful. I have Cardrunner’s EV decision branch stuff now but it is still too unintuitive for me to use properly.

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The OOP Lexicon is a user-developed poker glossary.

Absolute Position
Being last to act (e.g. closest to the button) postflop.

Advancing Leverage
Aggressive actions intended to shift the leverage point closer to the current street.

Analog
A bluff or value hand which is a natural candidate for balancing another hand because of their shared qualities, such as AA and AK; usually helps planning range splitting and line construction.

Auto profit threshold (APT)
A bluff made with positive expectation resulting from the opponent under defending vis-a-vis bet sizing. The inverse of MDF.

Balance
Choosing to support either value bets or bluffs with their converse.

Bet
A bet is a proposition.  It’s the first offer on the pot with regard to the outcome of the game. Each player, in turn, has the opportunity to lay or change the price on the pot to the rest of the players. “The language of poker.” The bet, as opposed to the raise, is most often and most easily allied to the merged pricing construction.

Block
To remove combinations of hands from a range based on cards in your hand or on the board.

Blockers
Cards which influence our combinatorial assumptions. Ex: We face resistance on T76ss while we hold As7d. Both our cards act as blockers. Our ace of spades blocks (limits) a number of flush draws our opponent could hold, while our seven blocks a number of two pair and sets our opponent could hold. *See also Block and Unblock

Blocker Bet
A small bet made by an out-of-position player.

Board Texture
The available community cards and the set of conditions which inform its relationship to a logical range.

Bottom
The worst hands in a betting range.  Depending on context this could be the worst hand in a value bet range or the bluffing section of polarized range.

Bounded
A range descriptor indicating a range shape with a specific high or low boundary.  A range bounded high won't contain some number of the best linear hands ranked from the top down.  This is equivalent to a "capped" range.  A range bounded low won't contain some number of the worst linear hands ranked from the bottom up.  This is often useful to describe a range that doesn't include any air or very weak hands.

Capitalization
A strategic mode in which a player is attempting to deny their opponent(s) equity share of the pot through aggression. Often referred to as “denying equity” or “buying up equity”.

Capped
A range is capped when it represents little to no nutted combinations as confirmed by prior action.

Cbet
A continuation bet. A bet made by the player with initiative as a continuation of their initiative on a prior street.

Clarity
The ability to accurately range an opponent based on all available information at a decision point.  An understanding of your hands exact equity.

Closing Action
Acting last where no subsequent action is possible behind you.  For example calling a UTG raise in the BB or calling in position postflop with no players behind.

Cold Call/Cold Bet
An action is considered “cold” when it comes from a player entering into the pot has not previously put chips voluntarily in the pot. Ex: the UTG opens, the BTN 3bets. If the SB were to call or raise, it would be a cold-call or a cold-4bet.

Combinatorics
The branch of mathematics the deals with finite number sets. Used in poker in determining the amount of combinations of certain hands in a range.

Complete
When a blind that is not the biggest blind calls the amount of the biggest blind. Ex: At $2/$5, action folds around to the SB and the SB completes. Meaning they just call. The BB can complete when there is a straddle.

Condensed
A capped range that contains only middling value hands. A range without the polarized portion.

Construction
Logical advancement of combinations across streets.

Dark Side of the Deck
The large swath of hands, often off-suit, that fall outside of conventional playable recommendations. Counter-equity hands.

Dead Money
Money in the pot that is not being fought for.  A passive player creates dead money when they call a bet preflop and looking to play fit-or-fold postflop. Dead Money is often confused with the money in the pot.

Delayed Cbet
A cbet made on the turn by the preflop raiser when the flop checked through.

Delaying Leverage
Passive actions intended to maintain a likely late street leverage point, or possibly to avoid a leverage point entirely.

Deviation
A strategic break from one’s standard construction as an exploit of a particular player’s profile or construction.

Diminishing Medium Value Category
A Seidman concept in which when one’s middling value hand range is too small and transparent to our opponent and thus either that range should be shifted into the top of a polarized range or the nutted portion should be shifted into the medium value range. Ex: AQo or TT being 3bet preflop.

Downbet
A cbet that is less than the preflop raise. Ex: BTN opens to $25, we 3bet to $90 from the SB, BTN calls. On the flop we cbet $70.

Dry Board
A board texture that yields relatively few logical hands value. Often containing one medium or high card and disconnected low cards. Ex: Q53r, T622r.

Dual Mentalities
A Seidman concept in which when we decide to go postflop with a weak hand against a nutted range, we should either be looking to out flop it or steal the pot away. We base our decision against the player type we are up against and never go post with both mentalities at once.

Dynamic Board
A flop texture in which the runout is very likely to change the order of top ranking hands. Ex: 954tt, 742r.

Effective Stack
The smallest stack to VPIP in a given hand. Their stack decides the amount of money that can be played for or threatened before an all-in.

Effective nuts
A value hand that can be played for stacks as if it were the actual nuts.  This is a relative hand ranking based on range assumptions and opponent type.

Efficiency
A measure of how well the equity of a hand is deployed. Efficiency can also be used as a measure of what is risked vs what is gained for a given bet size.

Either/Or Philosophy
A Seidman concept in which a particular street can be a very good spot for value, meaning our opponent is never folding, or a very good spot to bluff, meaning our opponent is never calling, but that those spots cannot be concurrent.

Elasticity
Borrowed from economics, a measure of the sensitivity of a range or hand relative to the price offered.  Ranges (or hands) described as elastic will narrow, sometimes quickly, in response to increases in price.  Those described as inelastic will not.

Equity
The percent pot share of a holding or range on any given street if the hand were to go to showdown with no further betting action.

Equity Pusher
A analytic approach to the game in which a player views the correct actions only through the lens of their hands equity vs. their opponent’s range. Often this player type has a lack of understanding of overall strategy and plays their range face up with few bluffs.

Expected Value
The mathematical formula for how much a player’s action is expected to make with their hand vs. their opponent’s range. EV = ($towin * %ofwin) - ($tolose * %ofloss)

Face Up
A player is playing their range “face up” when their actions directly correspond with their desired outcome. Ex: A player bets half-pot three streets with a range that has no bluffs. A player 3bets to 7x with JJ.

False Polarization
Otherwise known as Faux-Po; a polarizing action taken with a merged range.

Felted
The result of losing your entire table stakes. All the way down to the felt.

Float
A call of a cbet with a weak holding with the likely intention of taking the pot away when the opponent shuts down. Often done by an in position preflop caller.

Formation
The convergence of positions, stack depths, and preceding actions at a given decision point.

G-Bucks
A mathematical formula developed by Phil Galfond for calculating the expected value of one’s range construction vs. an opponent’s holding.

GIGO
A computer programming term that means "garbage in, garbage out" which also applies to poker forums when a poster seeks an in-depth conversation about a hand, but fail to provide pertinent information such as stack sizes, bets sizes, table dynamics and player tendencies.

Game Theory
The applied science of combining mathematical models with logic to craft winning poker strategies.

Game Theory Optimal
A set of strategies is GTO if no player can unilaterally deviate and increase his average profit. ~ Will Tipton.  GTO does not mean best possible response, highest EV, or maximally exploitative play.

Implied Odds
Additional value likely to be accrued if you make your hand on a later street.

Initiative
Sometimes referred to as the betting lead, a common situation in which the passive player yields to the aggressive player postflop, or the last aggressor continues betting on subsequent streets.

Isolate
A bet or raise intended to force out the rest of the field in order to play heads up against a weaker opponent who has entered the pot through limping, raising, or posting the blinds.

LAG
Loose aggressive player type. Generally overused and inaccurate.

Lead
A bet made from out of position after a passive action. Often referred to as a donk bet on the flop.

Leveling
He knows that I know that he knows I know.

Leverage
A bet or raise that signals the hand will be played for stacks.  Within reason, it is accomplished by betting with a sizing that will create RSP equal to 1 on the following street.

LFI
Limp First In

Linear
A consecutive range of hands decreasing in strength from top to bottom; generally meaning value hands. Equivalent to "merged."

Lockdown Board
A board on which the nuts have often already been made.  More prevalent in PLO but sometimes useful in no-limit, for example on monotone flops and boards with available common straights e.g. JT9, T98, 987, etc.

Merge
1) A range of hands that includes both strong and medium value; 2) in reference to medium value; 3) the merged construction describes the natural representation of a wide range through a bet.

Mini Stop-N-Go
A Seidman concept, a line taken by a OOP PFR where flop is check/called and turn is lead.

Minimum Defense Frequency (MDF)
The necessary defending (calling/raising) frequency to prevent an opponent from auto-profiting.  The inverse of APT.

Natural Action
A check, bet, or raise which is exactly suited to a player's range and situation (e.g. a pfr's continuation bet on AK2r).

Nit
A player who will not put chips into the pot without a very strong and sometimes only nutted hand.

Nuts
The best possible hand.

Nuts-To-Air Ratio (NAR)
In a polarized betting line, the ratio of value to bluff.  As used by Seidman, not limited to polarization but sometimes used to label general opponent tendency of value to bluff.

OMC
Old Man Coffee. Typically an older, retired player that likes to play bingo with ATC, but will only continue with the nuts.

Open
The first voluntary action. The first action or bet to voluntarily enter the pot.

Overbet
A bet that is more than the size of the pot.

Perceived Range
Refers to the range of hands that your opponent thinks you could have in a certain playing situation. This can be interpreted and thus misinterpreted from your playing style and position at the table.

Polarized
A range consisting of very strong and very weak hands.

Post Oak Bluff
A small bluff on a late street that has little chance of winning the pot.  Generally interpreted as “gutless” in the past but now fulfilling certain functions as betting efficiencies are understood.

Positional Protection
When the strength of a range is perceived to be capped or uncapped based on which position an action is taken from.

Protected
When an action or player is perceived to have strong hands in its range.

Protection Bet
A wager which denies equity to hands which will only give action if they significantly improve; "a value bet which does not want a call."

Raise
The rejection of the offered price and the laying of a new higher price.  Raises represent a more narrow range of hands and trend towards polarization.

Range Advantage
Implementation or study tool that refers to 1) most basically, equity measurement of one range against another; 2) or also including a combination of further factors including availability of nutted hands, the nuances of the runout, and positional protection.

Range Manipulation
Deliberate line work/bet sizing made to narrow a range or keep a range wide.

Range Switch
A deliberate change in range composition made to thwart a player who is reading our range too accurately in any spot.  Reduces transparency, fights assumptions, and wins the leveling war if implemented correctly.

Ratio of Stack To Pot
RSP. The stack to pot ratio at any point in a hand, generally used post-flop as opposed to Stack to Pot Ratio.

Realization
Taking a hand to showdown and realizing its full equity.  Generally used with regard to passive actions.

Reciprocity
The mutual exchange of chips resulting from similar play and ideas.  Reciprocity is a common bi-product of group-think.  A true edge by definition cannot be reciprocal.

Relative Position
A player’s position measured against the aggressor's position.  Generally this is used going to the flop.  For example, if UTG raises and several players call behind, calling in the big blind would give you the best relative position.  You will act after seeing how the field responds to a likely continuation from the preflop aggressor.  In the same scenario calling immediately after the preflop aggressor results in the worst relative position.  You will have to act immediately after a continuation without seeing how the remaining players will respond.  Strong relative position confers an information edge.

Retention
The ability of hand to maintain equity across streets against a betting range or as part of a betting range.

Reverse Implied Odds (RIO)
Hands that often win small pots or lose large pots suffer from reverse implied odds.

Robustness
Popularized by Mathew Janda, a descriptor for how well a hand retains equity over streets of play.  Hands described as robust have equity that does not suffer as an opponent's range becomes stronger.  Often these hands are currently both strong and invulnerable, or have the ability to become very strong by the river, relative to the opponent's range.

Runout
Fourth and Fifth Street cards following a given flop texture.

Scale of Protection
Poker theorem which states that the more protected or strong an opponent's range is, the higher the degree of denial or retention a counter will require.

Sklansky Bucks
Dollars won (or lost) in expected value regardless of actual hand result.

Smurf
Any one of many possible poker archetypes found at low stakes games.

Squeeze
A reraise made after a player has raised and one or more players has called in-between.

Static Board
A flop texture in which the runout is unlikely to change the order of top ranking hands. Ex: AK7r, KK4r.

Stop-N-Go
A passive action followed by an aggressive action, out of position.  For example, a call followed by a lead on the next street.

Streets of Value
A crude shorthand measurement for how much betting a hand can tolerate and still be best at showdown more often than not.

TAG
Tight aggressive opponent type. Generally overused and misapplied.

TAG's Dilemma
The paradox created by having a top-heavy range played so aggressively that it misuses equity vis-à-vis position and holding.

The Great Range Fantasy
The common idea that we know our opponent’s range and frequencies precisely; most commonly seen in post-hoc analysis to justify microedge decisions.

Thin Value
A bet that is only slightly more likely to be called by worse than by better. Associated with the merged pricing construction and bet-fold lines.

Three Fundamentals
The most fundamental variables for decision making: position, stack size, and community cards.

Top
The best hands in a given range.

Two-Way Bet
A bet that expects calls from worse hands and incorrect folds at the same time, a simultaneous value bet and bluff line.

Upstuck
The psychological effect of feeling like you’re losing because your stack size isn’t as large as it once was during a session, even though it’s more than what you’re in the game for.

(e.g. You bought in for $100, ran it up $450, but now only have $175 in front of you.)

Unblock
A hand that has no negative card removal effects on the target range.  Bottom set, for example, unblocks top pair top kicker.

Uncapped
A range that is perceived to contain the nuts in any given line.  Capped ranges may become uncapped during transitions for example from preflop to flop, or flop to turn.

Unicorn
A turned nut straight after raising flop with a gutter.

Value Owning
Making value bets with a hand that has less than 50% equity when called.

Voluntarily Put Money In Pot (VPIP)
The frequency at which a player limps, calls, or raises preflop.

Volatile Board
A flop texture where equities will often shift on the turn and river.  See “dynamic”.

Warmer
An illusory cooler where one player makes a massive mistake equity mistake and loses his stack with a strong but second best hand; also known as a Jam Basket.

Wet Board
A board texture that allows for a lot of logical hands to continue. Often made up of medium rank connected cards. Ex: KT9tt, Tc8c6s-7c-Ac.

WIFSUWO
“Walk In, Fuck Shit Up, Walk Out” a hashtag used by instagram poker players.

Winning Player
A forum poster who offers reciprocal advice under the guise of questionable positive low stakes results. A weak player or fish, in general.

YMC
Young Man Coffee. Is very much an OMC, but younger.  They usually only continue with the nuts, often under the illusion of playing a GTO style.