Much Revealed

Unfortunately, I am not a man of my word, but it doesn’t mean I’m not trying. Perhaps the secret was not to go so in depth, when really, few care besides me about what is behind the vision. “Keep it simple,” she had said fatefully; in this case, perhaps that still applies to a few minor documentarians known as poker vloggers. (More likely, the secret is just never stop no matter what, but that is another story entirely.)

Glenn Gould thought that criticism – even the real kind – should consist strictly of factual notes. Minutes long. Beats per minute. As much as I think he’s right, that was never enough for me. The attentive audience is often an indecent and prying one, the natural mirror to those who get off on exposure, as much as that upsets those who think they should or even can filter in only adulation and encouragement.

Well, most people would agree with Gould in spite of themselves, I think – no blog pieces of mine ever triggered less interest than those in this series. They are welcome, even from the irascible poker community, those reminders to love one another, – following social media has been the theme in my exile of the last few years – but when the next message is malice born of stupidity, the precious word flutters away, ungrasped because something – we can never judge exactly what – was never real.

Fortunately, that is freeing, because what people really care about in the poker world – easy money, cheap advice, scurrilous homogeneity, was never that interesting to me, either. Self-promotional PR about your habits, your family, your stack – whatever – mostly dies on the vine but it will gain you some true false friends.

I had spent much of the summer slow-cooking uninterest in whatever it is poker players think about. This was a paradoxical loss of curiosity, because I was at the same time busy doing my best work as a poker coach. The upgrade of my construction course was a breakthrough for those approaching line work. Eugenius called it “poker solitaire,” a telling description of the simplicity of why what combinations move where. Live and online students continue to move up in stakes.  Even more tellingly, the chat room flows with conversation I often have no need to direct. The great task of making myself superfluous is occasionally accomplished.

However, with other aspects of my life in disarray, the imported dreams of others are what filled my head, where once so rich an oasis flourished that it seemed I could survive any setback – delusion majeure. Instead, my diet of video passed the mere escapism of the years before, and nights online passed into days of pure oblivion. I forgot the sun (although not the taste of bread, unfortunately.)

When I wasn’t drowning myself in this insomniac poison, I followed Twitter. It’s a compulsion for many of us, the social media scene. However, what compulsion is good? The bait and switch of contact for personal projection is incendiary, a kind of opinion porn that stunts the mind just as powerfully.

Yet this endless shoreline of ideas is not without its merits. In my degeneracy, I conceived of the fruitless opinions I read as the granules of a beach, constantly pummeled by reality, but where the granules never disappear: they only crack and splinter into sand. Sand is not nothing: the end of the land marks the territory, the realistic borders of what we belong to and among. As meaningless as most opinions are, they form enough of a ground to live on, it seemed to me suddenly. They had life and form and space no matter how misguided.

Well, such were my days, rambling of thoughts, while I summoned the courage to turn a new page. In the midst of this media fever, a new wave of poker vloggers emerged, and I thought I might take up the All Vlogs Revealed series afresh. Let’s touch on a few and maybe more soon.

Mark Ari

One of the most repulsively compelling of the new vlogs isn’t even a new vlog, but the reincarnation of an old one. Mark Ari, nitty AC (a redundancy, I realize) reg, his bankroll later kissed by the soft games of Florida, is now an itinerant low-level poker pro here on the West Coast, one of the only promised lands of poker still extant. Ari formerly gave us ABC poker advice via Youtube, making him a bit of a forerunner to the current bumper crop of video diarists. However, life has transformed him and given him a far more personal purpose: the public scourging of those he resents.

Ugliness is an interesting thing to ponder, not just for its own sake, but for its relationship with those who condemn it. The same people who are, curiously, overly insistent that everyone have a voice are the same people who call for censorship – just look at Twitter and the code golgothas’ impossible positions on speech. However, those who have something unbanal to say are often the most disliked. Ari, messy, illogical, wounded, has one of those compelling voices. It’s not real pretty but it is pretty real.

mark ari

The vlog’s self-inflicted one-shot shooting style doesn’t need to be commented on in itself. However, its relationship to his message is pure medium – a nice if easy touch. Admittedly, Ari talks so much and covers so much territory it might be unfair to characterize him completely in a short review – I’ll stick with his big theme. Much of his camera time is spent railing against vloggers who he feels are misrepresenting themselves, a one man “anti-vlogging movement,” as he puts it. (Of course, the moving image lends itself to misrepresentation – I just can’t settle for Gould’s prescription here.) The raving doesn’t need editing or want it, even though the kind of person who goes for this style doesn’t really get to take effective shots at Andrew Neeme, matinee star vlogger. The incredible work Neeme puts into his productions goes mostly uncommented upon by Mark, which seems unfair until you realize what it is Mark truly cares about – the misery of low-stakes poker. Not Neeme’s bag.

However, Ari is no outlier in spirit. The vast majority of players suffer in the game, agonizing over decisions and consequences of those decisions. Players will bring tremendous emotional heat to what amounts to entry-level games, fire and brimstone to forum conversations, and spend ever more time and treasure trying to conquer our glorified parlor amusement. Mark speaks in their voice. He cares about how you play jacks. He knows you just gotta fold. Everything is polarization for a.m. radio Mark – “they have it or they don’t.” Mark is a poker populist – and we all know how and how much that is loved these days.

Mark cares a great deal about his strategy: fair enough- it’s confusing to go about life assuming you are wrong, I suppose. He tackles Neeme, Owen, Cordeiro and probably others (I can only watch so much), and some of his criticism is just. Serious players already know Neeme is not a strong player, but are generally not under Mark’s delusion that it matters. Neeme is a vlogger, and does it better than anyone. He is entertainment. Telling us the jester shouldn’t take up the throne isn’t much of a revelation, but maybe these days, even the basics aren’t basic.

That’s not good enough for the raging populist, who calls out their play, and ultimately ends up challenging everyone to heads-up. Yes, really. The wheels are coming off, albeit in an interesting and productive way. First of all, Mark is no poker theorist, which he revealed first through his comments, but more of a live poker realist. The ten-handed hell of the East Coast games has clearly whipped him into a reg but it’s just that – a reg’s game. He does have some ideas about purpose, which is a very important path for the novice or losing reg to explore.

Second, his play and commentary speaks for itself. Taking on a somewhat antsy looking middle-aged man, Andrew from San Jose, Mark misuses betting efficiencies, misunderstands construction, and seems to get punked at least a few times over a selection of hands. While he chatters on about balls this and that, the play here signals that…

But enough and stop: now I’m falling into the same trap he does. What matters is this is exactly how Mark does earn glory. Most players don’t get enough of the heads-up format, especially in 2018. Neither Mark nor his opponents are likely to have much of an edge here, but that is completely unimportant: in trying to bring back heads-up and competitive challenges, Ari does poker a great service.

Moreover, can Mark get out of his own way and really make the challenge fly, or will he alienate everyone first? In either case, his punishment will be his reward, as in all life: while he may win or lose, in so striving, he can become a better player, a better human. Yes, there’s more low-stakes misery ahead for Mark, more lonely motel rooms and microwaved meals, but he’ll emerge stronger, thanks to the bravado of the vlog, his challenge, and his bravery as an apparent plain-dealer. (His honesty, though, isn’t necessarily without limits, as he takes a loss to Andrew but without being felted, calls himself undefeated. Pride is a demon to reckon with in the poker world.)

Mark is no director, but the coverage of that first heads-up match does provide some cinematic interest nonetheless. Andrew gives some hints that he is irritated with the slowness of the game, which Ari, loving the moment, drags out with commentary. It’s satisfying to see Mark clearly in his element in this casual game where the button is a grape jelly packet. Mark enjoys himself, genuinely smiling during break-aways. He thinks he is in control of the scene, but is often being subtly humored. Andrew, half absent, is likely a parent, and one can tell his time is worth more than this absurd challenge: he’s here for an unknown motivation – interest is created with this sort of misaligned dynamic because character is revealed. Can Ari do it again, and better? That, after all, is the task of the artist.

We’ll see. I think one should root for him, no matter how many feathers get rumpled. His absolutely endless grandstanding and ballyhooing not only bury his strongest points and interesting life – divinity student, traveler, Latin dancer – they diminish the potential beauty of his heads up challenge, regrettably wasting the viewer’s time. That clearly costs him subscribers. Nevertheless, there is something going on here beyond his venting over being left behind by the high-production vlog wave, and it is remarkable: Ari is returning poker to its roots. The simple visual of Mark’s cards in his hands, the sound of the chips on the diner table, and the sight of Andrew eating his late-night breakfast completely denude the ridiculous casino and contemporary corporate culture of poker, with its absurd b-list celebrities, donkament variance worship, and continuing inability to find poker’s best role in the just city. (Further, Mark appears to have done it with their chips, snap.) These homey, unadorned images of the ranting provocateur crank taking on the restrained, well-off amateur, as much by accident as design, may be the most important any vlogger has produced for the good of the game.

Marle Cordeiro

One of Ari’s objects of frustration is Marle Cordeiro, very likely the best of the newest wave. A sweet and agreeable player in person, Marle inhabits the visual field as much or more than any of the vloggers so far in the movement. Likely with some training or improv work, she pulls off humor and understands the eye of the camera demands constant amusement: the audience is a tiger waiting for the whipmaster’s hand to slow.

As a poker player she is a tad ridiculous, and hand history evidence suggests she likely survives on savvy alone. Her actions are strangely constructed as presented, and some play with her at the Wynn confirmed this is no accident. Her strengths are boldness and fearlessness at the table: she puts her chips where her thoughts are. Again, however, to focus on this is to miss the point, once more: no one is here to learn from her.

She is here to be adored, to amuse and entertain. so it is fascinating how predictably the audience reacts to her, so archetypically it must be addressed. (After only a handful of vlogs, she is heading toward 20k-plus subscribers, leaving Ari fuming.) In fact she addresses one particular kerfuffle herself, wherein she feels compelled to babble about starting a consensus-approved “conversation” when pure theatrical entertainment had been both her aim and success – never underestimate the power of the humorless to kill whatever they touch. The object of lust is courted in her comment section, denied, and then turns shaming and angry. One could not have planned out a less interesting yet more telling reaction. Poker players are basically everyone else, only worse. The seduction of the game as work does not mitigate our ignoble qualities, but enhances them. That Marle is capable of poking the soft spots of society is only to her credit, and she’ll want more of that to stay relevant and remain more than a novelty.

This is entertainment and Marle is above all, fun. I admire her storytelling and self-awareness.  Indeed, it is hard to imagine someone not being a success with these qualities. However, it will all likely go to her head very fast. She’ll be invited to be on this stream and that, show up at meet-ups, date high-stakes players and be generally a poker society spectacle. A recent vlog teases her as a high-stakes playerin Ivey’s Room, but neither the camera nor mic is not let in as to why it happened. For the first time, she misjudges the intelligence of her audience in giving to them the less interesting of the story-lines: they are shut out rather than invited in, the opposite of the best conception of the genre in what should ironically be a pure insider moment. In short, we all get what we want, just not in the way we think we want it. For Mark and Marle, you are seeing different versions of the same success.


Over the past summer, Matt Berkey and his crew hired nascent Pigtail Productions to essentially bridge the gap between pure vlog and production entertainment. Their WSOP vlog was remarkable but of course not in the true vlogging spirit of self-production and thus self-creation. We saw Berkey, Christian Soto, Jordan Young et al not as they are, but as characters. This remove kept them from true connection with a wider audience, depressing their subscribership, while providing an absolutely terrific poker spectacle to those interested. A win for someone.

Fascinatingly, they have taken this completely incomplete success into the realm of poker training. With the .tv explaining everything, the Solve For Why subscription training site comprises poker programming of the highest quality production in existence. From what I’ve heard, they are very conscious of what they are doing here, correctly calling it “edutainment.” For the All Vlogs Revealed series, it’s worth looking at their model from the lens of the viewer and not the desperate learner, a topic that has been beaten to death, revived, and killed again in poker circles.

S4Y.TV contains the concept videos you might expect, in this case nicely projected through the lens of vocabulary, but also founder biographies for the Berkievers, who are an especially worshipful bunch. A solid if plodding podcast by lethargic Jack Laskey and hedging Matt Hunt provides sage poker theory nerdcore. Debonair Jordan gives us the old-fashioned reviews of client hands, shot as if he were an off-hours cable TV show host. Jordan is simultaneously the most easy to like of the gang, while also being the most suspicious as he appears to be in a constant state of shock or surprise. (BOO!) On the upper end, Berkey, Hunt, and Soto provide webinars and analysis that should satisfy any 5/10 player and get them beyond. There’s a lot to get through.

However, this is all mere afternoon filler at S4Y.TV, because the prime time program is Poker Out Loud, which has gotten some word of mouth via the podcast rounds and a preview on Youtube. (S4Y’s reluctance to post up to date or even monthly clips of their many programs on Youtube seems like one of the great marketing gaffes of poker 2018.) For those that doubt Matt Berkey, he (and everyone on the program) lay it on the line, verbalizing their strategy as they play. Matt navigates and crushes a tough field with genius and slick poker auteurship that shows him where he truly shines: deep, short-handed games where players are fighting for the pot. He is a competitor above all, and wants the fight.

The problem is that Berkey the soldier also needs the fight. What Berkey doesn’t want and isn’t built for are the deadening games the new generation of GTO players are delivering to us. He strains in many televised cash games, like a leashed animal, trying to evade the cold, heartless logic of the solver and its cyborg soldiers who never want to put a chip of dead money into the pot. Berkey sometimes seems to be a time traveler, a shaved-headed cosmonaut on a solitary mission to rescue poker from the Black Friday Hole its best days fell into. Indeed, it’s interesting to see how poorly the poker community understands his game – even in his own forum channels. The reaction of the chat monkeys watching him play, on LATB or anywhere else, is amusing to anyone who has a clue about poker theory and how his seemingly eclectic strategy intersects with it. The choir praises him one moment and condemns him the next, oblivious. Sand meet shoreline.

My main mistake in evaluating Berkey before was not in measuring his expertise, but an equally classic one – I believed the hype and aura, taking at face value his efforts to contort his mind into a hard-ass, unbreakable personality. That is something he forces onto himself, because I see now that he is volatility itself, a deeply emotional man who creates his own imbalances, one who summons his own tilt. In one sense, I have never admired Berkey more, even as he flails more than he once did, reducing his win rate, like an actor trapped by his greatest role. At his worst, we watch him straining to be Tom Dwan but ending up as Sam Farha, splashing about, complaining about the action, chomping and waving his fitness religiosity as a conversational cigar.

Poker Out Loud isn’t just Berkey, of course. Watching the prideful, private Christian Soto get hammered is an amusing storyline. He’s come into his own and is probably the best all-around article at S4Y at the moment. His commentary on recent Elite Academy footage is cleaner (and funnier) than Berkey’s machination mind, even if lacking the thorough exploitative genius and long experience. Soto is the right blend of performer and tactician, the kind that may get beaten up a bit in games like POL but will be there years from now, winning.

Yet POL still gets better. Nick Howard, who revealed himself to be the one of the best players in the game at S4Y’s heads-up challenge last year, is great to watch. His in-game analysis is matched only by Berkey’s. It is riveting to see Howard evincing an original approach to poker combined with a personal fury that gives him instant onscreen charisma. In fact, while I don’t have time to get into everyone who plays, all do take up their role and run with it. Bravo.

So I’d say more, but why? This hybrid vlog and training site is a reasonable price and anyone can check it out for themselves without costly commitment. Y’all pay ten dollars a month to listen to Ali Nejad hack his way through a broadcast; what about a little more to actually learn to play and be just as amused? Yeah, I didn’t think so: the poker world is so strange – a community enslaved to expected value but in practice less rational than any I have been a part of.

Well, never mind that. What’s crucial here is that this shift in how poker is being taught, presented, and distributed is currently nicely bridged by S4Y. However, the question for the restless world of poker never changes: what’s next?


All Vlogs Revealed: Sheils


  1. I found Marle Cordeiro’s vlog to initially be entertaining. After watching a couple, I got began to get bored. The fact that I actually watched was something, however, as I rarely watch vlogs.


  2. The self entitled, especially those who lack understanding of an Ergodic system, will always fume at an upstart who blows them out of the water.

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The OOP Lexicon is a user-developed poker glossary.

Absolute Position
Being last to act (e.g. closest to the button) postflop.

Advancing Leverage
Aggressive actions intended to shift the leverage point closer to the current street.

A bluff or value hand which is a natural candidate for balancing another hand because of their shared qualities, such as AA and AK; usually helps planning range splitting and line construction.

Auto profit threshold (APT)
A bluff made with positive expectation resulting from the opponent under defending vis-a-vis bet sizing. The inverse of MDF.

Choosing to support either value bets or bluffs with their converse.

A bet is a proposition.  It’s the first offer on the pot with regard to the outcome of the game. Each player, in turn, has the opportunity to lay or change the price on the pot to the rest of the players. “The language of poker.” The bet, as opposed to the raise, is most often and most easily allied to the merged pricing construction.

To remove combinations of hands from a range based on cards in your hand or on the board.

Cards which influence our combinatorial assumptions. Ex: We face resistance on T76ss while we hold As7d. Both our cards act as blockers. Our ace of spades blocks (limits) a number of flush draws our opponent could hold, while our seven blocks a number of two pair and sets our opponent could hold. *See also Block and Unblock

Blocker Bet
A small bet made by an out-of-position player.

Board Texture
The available community cards and the set of conditions which inform its relationship to a logical range.

The worst hands in a betting range.  Depending on context this could be the worst hand in a value bet range or the bluffing section of polarized range.

A range descriptor indicating a range shape with a specific high or low boundary.  A range bounded high won't contain some number of the best linear hands ranked from the top down.  This is equivalent to a "capped" range.  A range bounded low won't contain some number of the worst linear hands ranked from the bottom up.  This is often useful to describe a range that doesn't include any air or very weak hands.

A strategic mode in which a player is attempting to deny their opponent(s) equity share of the pot through aggression. Often referred to as “denying equity” or “buying up equity”.

A range is capped when it represents little to no nutted combinations as confirmed by prior action.

A continuation bet. A bet made by the player with initiative as a continuation of their initiative on a prior street.

The ability to accurately range an opponent based on all available information at a decision point.  An understanding of your hands exact equity.

Closing Action
Acting last where no subsequent action is possible behind you.  For example calling a UTG raise in the BB or calling in position postflop with no players behind.

Cold Call/Cold Bet
An action is considered “cold” when it comes from a player entering into the pot has not previously put chips voluntarily in the pot. Ex: the UTG opens, the BTN 3bets. If the SB were to call or raise, it would be a cold-call or a cold-4bet.

The branch of mathematics the deals with finite number sets. Used in poker in determining the amount of combinations of certain hands in a range.

When a blind that is not the biggest blind calls the amount of the biggest blind. Ex: At $2/$5, action folds around to the SB and the SB completes. Meaning they just call. The BB can complete when there is a straddle.

A capped range that contains only middling value hands. A range without the polarized portion.

Logical advancement of combinations across streets.

Dark Side of the Deck
The large swath of hands, often off-suit, that fall outside of conventional playable recommendations. Counter-equity hands.

Dead Money
Money in the pot that is not being fought for.  A passive player creates dead money when they call a bet preflop and looking to play fit-or-fold postflop. Dead Money is often confused with the money in the pot.

Delayed Cbet
A cbet made on the turn by the preflop raiser when the flop checked through.

Delaying Leverage
Passive actions intended to maintain a likely late street leverage point, or possibly to avoid a leverage point entirely.

A strategic break from one’s standard construction as an exploit of a particular player’s profile or construction.

Diminishing Medium Value Category
A Seidman concept in which when one’s middling value hand range is too small and transparent to our opponent and thus either that range should be shifted into the top of a polarized range or the nutted portion should be shifted into the medium value range. Ex: AQo or TT being 3bet preflop.

A cbet that is less than the preflop raise. Ex: BTN opens to $25, we 3bet to $90 from the SB, BTN calls. On the flop we cbet $70.

Dry Board
A board texture that yields relatively few logical hands value. Often containing one medium or high card and disconnected low cards. Ex: Q53r, T622r.

Dual Mentalities
A Seidman concept in which when we decide to go postflop with a weak hand against a nutted range, we should either be looking to out flop it or steal the pot away. We base our decision against the player type we are up against and never go post with both mentalities at once.

Dynamic Board
A flop texture in which the runout is very likely to change the order of top ranking hands. Ex: 954tt, 742r.

Effective Stack
The smallest stack to VPIP in a given hand. Their stack decides the amount of money that can be played for or threatened before an all-in.

Effective nuts
A value hand that can be played for stacks as if it were the actual nuts.  This is a relative hand ranking based on range assumptions and opponent type.

A measure of how well the equity of a hand is deployed. Efficiency can also be used as a measure of what is risked vs what is gained for a given bet size.

Either/Or Philosophy
A Seidman concept in which a particular street can be a very good spot for value, meaning our opponent is never folding, or a very good spot to bluff, meaning our opponent is never calling, but that those spots cannot be concurrent.

Borrowed from economics, a measure of the sensitivity of a range or hand relative to the price offered.  Ranges (or hands) described as elastic will narrow, sometimes quickly, in response to increases in price.  Those described as inelastic will not.

The percent pot share of a holding or range on any given street if the hand were to go to showdown with no further betting action.

Equity Pusher
A analytic approach to the game in which a player views the correct actions only through the lens of their hands equity vs. their opponent’s range. Often this player type has a lack of understanding of overall strategy and plays their range face up with few bluffs.

Expected Value
The mathematical formula for how much a player’s action is expected to make with their hand vs. their opponent’s range. EV = ($towin * %ofwin) - ($tolose * %ofloss)

Face Up
A player is playing their range “face up” when their actions directly correspond with their desired outcome. Ex: A player bets half-pot three streets with a range that has no bluffs. A player 3bets to 7x with JJ.

False Polarization
Otherwise known as Faux-Po; a polarizing action taken with a merged range.

The result of losing your entire table stakes. All the way down to the felt.

A call of a cbet with a weak holding with the likely intention of taking the pot away when the opponent shuts down. Often done by an in position preflop caller.

The convergence of positions, stack depths, and preceding actions at a given decision point.

A mathematical formula developed by Phil Galfond for calculating the expected value of one’s range construction vs. an opponent’s holding.

A computer programming term that means "garbage in, garbage out" which also applies to poker forums when a poster seeks an in-depth conversation about a hand, but fail to provide pertinent information such as stack sizes, bets sizes, table dynamics and player tendencies.

Game Theory
The applied science of combining mathematical models with logic to craft winning poker strategies.

Game Theory Optimal
A set of strategies is GTO if no player can unilaterally deviate and increase his average profit. ~ Will Tipton.  GTO does not mean best possible response, highest EV, or maximally exploitative play.

Implied Odds
Additional value likely to be accrued if you make your hand on a later street.

Sometimes referred to as the betting lead, a common situation in which the passive player yields to the aggressive player postflop, or the last aggressor continues betting on subsequent streets.

A bet or raise intended to force out the rest of the field in order to play heads up against a weaker opponent who has entered the pot through limping, raising, or posting the blinds.

Loose aggressive player type. Generally overused and inaccurate.

A bet made from out of position after a passive action. Often referred to as a donk bet on the flop.

He knows that I know that he knows I know.

A bet or raise that signals the hand will be played for stacks.  Within reason, it is accomplished by betting with a sizing that will create RSP equal to 1 on the following street.

Limp First In

A consecutive range of hands decreasing in strength from top to bottom; generally meaning value hands. Equivalent to "merged."

Lockdown Board
A board on which the nuts have often already been made.  More prevalent in PLO but sometimes useful in no-limit, for example on monotone flops and boards with available common straights e.g. JT9, T98, 987, etc.

1) A range of hands that includes both strong and medium value; 2) in reference to medium value; 3) the merged construction describes the natural representation of a wide range through a bet.

Mini Stop-N-Go
A Seidman concept, a line taken by a OOP PFR where flop is check/called and turn is lead.

Minimum Defense Frequency (MDF)
The necessary defending (calling/raising) frequency to prevent an opponent from auto-profiting.  The inverse of APT.

Natural Action
A check, bet, or raise which is exactly suited to a player's range and situation (e.g. a pfr's continuation bet on AK2r).

A player who will not put chips into the pot without a very strong and sometimes only nutted hand.

The best possible hand.

Nuts-To-Air Ratio (NAR)
In a polarized betting line, the ratio of value to bluff.  As used by Seidman, not limited to polarization but sometimes used to label general opponent tendency of value to bluff.

Old Man Coffee. Typically an older, retired player that likes to play bingo with ATC, but will only continue with the nuts.

The first voluntary action. The first action or bet to voluntarily enter the pot.

A bet that is more than the size of the pot.

Perceived Range
Refers to the range of hands that your opponent thinks you could have in a certain playing situation. This can be interpreted and thus misinterpreted from your playing style and position at the table.

A range consisting of very strong and very weak hands.

Post Oak Bluff
A small bluff on a late street that has little chance of winning the pot.  Generally interpreted as “gutless” in the past but now fulfilling certain functions as betting efficiencies are understood.

Positional Protection
When the strength of a range is perceived to be capped or uncapped based on which position an action is taken from.

When an action or player is perceived to have strong hands in its range.

Protection Bet
A wager which denies equity to hands which will only give action if they significantly improve; "a value bet which does not want a call."

The rejection of the offered price and the laying of a new higher price.  Raises represent a more narrow range of hands and trend towards polarization.

Range Advantage
Implementation or study tool that refers to 1) most basically, equity measurement of one range against another; 2) or also including a combination of further factors including availability of nutted hands, the nuances of the runout, and positional protection.

Range Manipulation
Deliberate line work/bet sizing made to narrow a range or keep a range wide.

Range Switch
A deliberate change in range composition made to thwart a player who is reading our range too accurately in any spot.  Reduces transparency, fights assumptions, and wins the leveling war if implemented correctly.

Ratio of Stack To Pot
RSP. The stack to pot ratio at any point in a hand, generally used post-flop as opposed to Stack to Pot Ratio.

Taking a hand to showdown and realizing its full equity.  Generally used with regard to passive actions.

The mutual exchange of chips resulting from similar play and ideas.  Reciprocity is a common bi-product of group-think.  A true edge by definition cannot be reciprocal.

Relative Position
A player’s position measured against the aggressor's position.  Generally this is used going to the flop.  For example, if UTG raises and several players call behind, calling in the big blind would give you the best relative position.  You will act after seeing how the field responds to a likely continuation from the preflop aggressor.  In the same scenario calling immediately after the preflop aggressor results in the worst relative position.  You will have to act immediately after a continuation without seeing how the remaining players will respond.  Strong relative position confers an information edge.

The ability of hand to maintain equity across streets against a betting range or as part of a betting range.

Reverse Implied Odds (RIO)
Hands that often win small pots or lose large pots suffer from reverse implied odds.

Popularized by Mathew Janda, a descriptor for how well a hand retains equity over streets of play.  Hands described as robust have equity that does not suffer as an opponent's range becomes stronger.  Often these hands are currently both strong and invulnerable, or have the ability to become very strong by the river, relative to the opponent's range.

Fourth and Fifth Street cards following a given flop texture.

Scale of Protection
Poker theorem which states that the more protected or strong an opponent's range is, the higher the degree of denial or retention a counter will require.

Sklansky Bucks
Dollars won (or lost) in expected value regardless of actual hand result.

Any one of many possible poker archetypes found at low stakes games.

A reraise made after a player has raised and one or more players has called in-between.

Static Board
A flop texture in which the runout is unlikely to change the order of top ranking hands. Ex: AK7r, KK4r.

A passive action followed by an aggressive action, out of position.  For example, a call followed by a lead on the next street.

Streets of Value
A crude shorthand measurement for how much betting a hand can tolerate and still be best at showdown more often than not.

Tight aggressive opponent type. Generally overused and misapplied.

TAG's Dilemma
The paradox created by having a top-heavy range played so aggressively that it misuses equity vis-à-vis position and holding.

The Great Range Fantasy
The common idea that we know our opponent’s range and frequencies precisely; most commonly seen in post-hoc analysis to justify microedge decisions.

Thin Value
A bet that is only slightly more likely to be called by worse than by better. Associated with the merged pricing construction and bet-fold lines.

Three Fundamentals
The most fundamental variables for decision making: position, stack size, and community cards.

The best hands in a given range.

Two-Way Bet
A bet that expects calls from worse hands and incorrect folds at the same time, a simultaneous value bet and bluff line.

The psychological effect of feeling like you’re losing because your stack size isn’t as large as it once was during a session, even though it’s more than what you’re in the game for.

(e.g. You bought in for $100, ran it up $450, but now only have $175 in front of you.)

A hand that has no negative card removal effects on the target range.  Bottom set, for example, unblocks top pair top kicker.

A range that is perceived to contain the nuts in any given line.  Capped ranges may become uncapped during transitions for example from preflop to flop, or flop to turn.

A turned nut straight after raising flop with a gutter.

Value Owning
Making value bets with a hand that has less than 50% equity when called.

Voluntarily Put Money In Pot (VPIP)
The frequency at which a player limps, calls, or raises preflop.

Volatile Board
A flop texture where equities will often shift on the turn and river.  See “dynamic”.

An illusory cooler where one player makes a massive mistake equity mistake and loses his stack with a strong but second best hand; also known as a Jam Basket.

Wet Board
A board texture that allows for a lot of logical hands to continue. Often made up of medium rank connected cards. Ex: KT9tt, Tc8c6s-7c-Ac.

“Walk In, Fuck Shit Up, Walk Out” a hashtag used by instagram poker players.

Winning Player
A forum poster who offers reciprocal advice under the guise of questionable positive low stakes results. A weak player or fish, in general.

Young Man Coffee. Is very much an OMC, but younger.  They usually only continue with the nuts, often under the illusion of playing a GTO style.