Gargamel guest post

Gargamel: Leaving Money on the Table

Gargamel steps back out of the shadows with a guest post today. -P

Something is definitely wrong.  Here I was in the midst of another crappy session.  I just 4b AA and managed to get 2 callers in a 100bb cap game.  Then I CRAI to ensure all the money would go in on 236cc.  Hell, I even had the ace of clubs.  No matter, the fish with QTcc gets there and there goes another $500. Somehow this year, I’m the guy in the YouTube video on “How to Play Pocket Jacks”.  I can’t turn over a winner.  I don’t hear the words “I missed”.

gargael-luckyI slowly recover some of the losses from the session then Persuadeo joins the table.  Well, there’s the one person I run well against.  He might be the only one, which is rather unfortunate since he’s both a friend and smart enough to fold top pair and the nut flush draw when warranted.  So, a competent (what happened to all the whales) player opens from early, but it’s not a particularly tight range and he won’t indifferently call a 3b.  I flat kings, almost expecting the 3b from Persuadeo and sure enough there it is.  I 4b, we get it in and I’m a lot closer to at least breaking even on the session.

However, Persuadeo leaves, the fish from above flops 2 sets against me in 20 minutes and another disastrous session is done.  At this casino, white $1 chips do not play unless they are in $5 increments even if it’s an all-in situation.  I can’t tell you how many times I stormed off this year, leaving those white chips on the felt.  I may as well complete the small blind.  What the fuck am I doing with my life?  Why am I doing this on a Friday night?

Somehow I’m actually showing a profit this year, albeit a small one.  Few would believe it and even I’m surprised looking at the spreadsheet.  My accounting is pretty precise, but I’m wondering.  The data on that spreadsheet is the reason for playing.  There’s been a history of winning.  I remember playing 1/3 in 2011.  I opened AA, got at least a couple calls, and flopped a set.  Someone called from out of position (what the fuck else were they going to do?) and the turn brought the diamond flush.  I don’t remember the turn action, but the river brought a 4th diamond.  The guy checked.  Oh shit, what aces did I have?  I don’t typically forget this shit.  I had to check my cards and there was the ace of diamonds.  So I put out a bet and got paid.  I remember thinking it was pretty cool and surprising that I could show up to a casino and consistently get paid.  That’s why I played.  Looking back I don’t know how the hell I did this for so long.  The variance and late nights are brutal.

change-of-paceI’ve tried to return to poker after a break of about a month.  One of my first thoughts after sitting down for an hour was this game moves fucking slowly.  Fold T6o, fold J3o, fold A6o, 3b AQ after a raise and a couple calls, but then fold to a cold 4b from a passive player.  I barely have the patience for it anymore.  Then just last night a loose aggressive competent yet mistake prone player opened to $20 with $500 stacks.  I 3b 88 to 70 and he predictably called.  I continued for $100 on 679ss and he CRAI.  I made the call and the board ran out 2J.  I expected to lose because that’s what I do now and I did… to 22.

Now I’m well stuck and have the anger of a middle linebacker on steroids.  The game continues at a snail’s pace.  At one point, there is a 3 or 4 way limped pot resulting in a monotone flop.  There is no postflop betting and it’s showdown time.  In this casino, the sb has to show first, continuing with everyone else in position.  At least it’s supposed to be.  Instead everyone is sitting there like a dumbass not wanting to reveal their hand while waiting on which clown will finally show 3rd pair to claim the pot.  Amazing that this group will snap shovel $1000 in the pot, then just sit there at showdown in a $20 pot before rake preventing us from moving to the next hand. I can’t take it anymore.

One of the main challenges to deal with is the multiway raised clusterfucks these games here are known for.  I’ve cracky-smurfmade an adjustment.  “Standard” opens to 20 won’t get it done.  Neither will 25.  Amazingly 30 (+5 for each limper) wasn’t really accomplishing the goal either.  4 and 5 way raised pots of $120 or $150 were routine.  Have fun trying to win those when you don’t flop well.  This is especially bad when you lose your mind and decide to open from early position.  Once somebody calls, and they will, the rest of the Insane Clown Posse can’t wait to get in on the pot odds orgy.  Even a grandmother last night couldn’t say no to the allure of the king of diamonds shown with the 8 of diamonds from the blinds for 25 more.

Another detractor is that the games have gotten considerably worse (aside from the indifferent calling stations mentioned above).  In The Village, of all places, it’s hard to sit at a table without hearing players yapping on about 3betting, ranges, and even referring to themselves as a rec player.  I used to approach the room smelling blood wondering which terrible players were there on a given night.  Now I mostly remain in my seat like an old man not moving from his recliner.  There aren’t many juicy tables to change to.old-gargamel

I really have tried to make this work, especially since my best poker friend and this blog’s host is both struggling on the felt and in isolation, which is inherent in this game.  If I rejoin the fray, talk strat after the session,crack jokes, and we’re winning, things start looking up.  The problem is I have an extremely low tolerance for the grating things about this game.  I think my limit is one nasty beat.  Then I should always leave.  Making sure to do that is another story.



Gargamel: Dodging Coolers


  1. So the games are bad because there is too much action? Sounds like you are bored. Even our favorite hobbies eventually get stale.

  2. There are only a few things that will keep you interested in poker: 1) always winning, which is unlikely, 2) breaks and variety, which means specialist pros often wear themselves out but amateurs can keep the spirit, 3) learning and improving, 4) liking the scene and the people, 5) teaching and 6) taking big risks. The theme that connects all these is they avoid the grind that turns the game into a repetition and the challenge/reward aspect stays high, like at the beginning when it was addictive and exciting.

    The feeling of rewardless hours is the death knell for a poker career. There has to be a payoff of some sort and it has to be high – even if it is only partially in dollars. You could even come up with an equation to represent in BBs what the intrinsic reward should be.

    Since, although I don’t think is it is likely to be the heart of the matter, but let’s say it’s true, 1) that not winning for a long stretch has worn you out, and that beats are hurting like wounds that don’t get to heal, I think a combination of these adjustments will fix the problem and flesh out that Poker Life EV equation, and that you can figure out which will work. Failing that, hanging up the spurs for an indefinite time, knowing you have accomplished what few have, beating the games for years, was an interesting and worthy pursuit, is a healthy reaction.

    However, there is one part of poker that is rarely spoken of because it is dark and serious and relates to 3). If a player is not trying to be the best, he will inevitably lose his fire and interest, because the competitive aspect of his life will take a hold somewhere else. This is a driving force and explains why the male:female ratio is so high and always will be. We can’t always consciously address this but if we take the large view we see a large scale pattern that confirms its truth. In a sense, the best poker players may not be the ones actually playing, because they have gone broke trying and learned, far more rapidly than the slow, mediocre grinders, what they needed from the game and its culture.

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The OOP Lexicon is a user-developed poker glossary.

Absolute Position
Being last to act (e.g. closest to the button) postflop.

Advancing Leverage
Aggressive actions intended to shift the leverage point closer to the current street.

A bluff or value hand which is a natural candidate for balancing another hand because of their shared qualities, such as AA and AK; usually helps planning range splitting and line construction.

Auto profit threshold (APT)
A bluff made with positive expectation resulting from the opponent under defending vis-a-vis bet sizing. The inverse of MDF.

Choosing to support either value bets or bluffs with their converse.

A bet is a proposition.  It’s the first offer on the pot with regard to the outcome of the game. Each player, in turn, has the opportunity to lay or change the price on the pot to the rest of the players. “The language of poker.” The bet, as opposed to the raise, is most often and most easily allied to the merged pricing construction.

To remove combinations of hands from a range based on cards in your hand or on the board.

Cards which influence our combinatorial assumptions. Ex: We face resistance on T76ss while we hold As7d. Both our cards act as blockers. Our ace of spades blocks (limits) a number of flush draws our opponent could hold, while our seven blocks a number of two pair and sets our opponent could hold. *See also Block and Unblock

Blocker Bet
A small bet made by an out-of-position player.

Board Texture
The available community cards and the set of conditions which inform its relationship to a logical range.

The worst hands in a betting range.  Depending on context this could be the worst hand in a value bet range or the bluffing section of polarized range.

A range descriptor indicating a range shape with a specific high or low boundary.  A range bounded high won't contain some number of the best linear hands ranked from the top down.  This is equivalent to a "capped" range.  A range bounded low won't contain some number of the worst linear hands ranked from the bottom up.  This is often useful to describe a range that doesn't include any air or very weak hands.

A strategic mode in which a player is attempting to deny their opponent(s) equity share of the pot through aggression. Often referred to as “denying equity” or “buying up equity”.

A range is capped when it represents little to no nutted combinations as confirmed by prior action.

A continuation bet. A bet made by the player with initiative as a continuation of their initiative on a prior street.

The ability to accurately range an opponent based on all available information at a decision point.  An understanding of your hands exact equity.

Closing Action
Acting last where no subsequent action is possible behind you.  For example calling a UTG raise in the BB or calling in position postflop with no players behind.

Cold Call/Cold Bet
An action is considered “cold” when it comes from a player entering into the pot has not previously put chips voluntarily in the pot. Ex: the UTG opens, the BTN 3bets. If the SB were to call or raise, it would be a cold-call or a cold-4bet.

The branch of mathematics the deals with finite number sets. Used in poker in determining the amount of combinations of certain hands in a range.

When a blind that is not the biggest blind calls the amount of the biggest blind. Ex: At $2/$5, action folds around to the SB and the SB completes. Meaning they just call. The BB can complete when there is a straddle.

A capped range that contains only middling value hands. A range without the polarized portion.

Logical advancement of combinations across streets.

Dark Side of the Deck
The large swath of hands, often off-suit, that fall outside of conventional playable recommendations. Counter-equity hands.

Dead Money
Money in the pot that is not being fought for.  A passive player creates dead money when they call a bet preflop and looking to play fit-or-fold postflop. Dead Money is often confused with the money in the pot.

Delayed Cbet
A cbet made on the turn by the preflop raiser when the flop checked through.

Delaying Leverage
Passive actions intended to maintain a likely late street leverage point, or possibly to avoid a leverage point entirely.

A strategic break from one’s standard construction as an exploit of a particular player’s profile or construction.

Diminishing Medium Value Category
A Seidman concept in which when one’s middling value hand range is too small and transparent to our opponent and thus either that range should be shifted into the top of a polarized range or the nutted portion should be shifted into the medium value range. Ex: AQo or TT being 3bet preflop.

A cbet that is less than the preflop raise. Ex: BTN opens to $25, we 3bet to $90 from the SB, BTN calls. On the flop we cbet $70.

Dry Board
A board texture that yields relatively few logical hands value. Often containing one medium or high card and disconnected low cards. Ex: Q53r, T622r.

Dual Mentalities
A Seidman concept in which when we decide to go postflop with a weak hand against a nutted range, we should either be looking to out flop it or steal the pot away. We base our decision against the player type we are up against and never go post with both mentalities at once.

Dynamic Board
A flop texture in which the runout is very likely to change the order of top ranking hands. Ex: 954tt, 742r.

Effective Stack
The smallest stack to VPIP in a given hand. Their stack decides the amount of money that can be played for or threatened before an all-in.

Effective nuts
A value hand that can be played for stacks as if it were the actual nuts.  This is a relative hand ranking based on range assumptions and opponent type.

A measure of how well the equity of a hand is deployed. Efficiency can also be used as a measure of what is risked vs what is gained for a given bet size.

Either/Or Philosophy
A Seidman concept in which a particular street can be a very good spot for value, meaning our opponent is never folding, or a very good spot to bluff, meaning our opponent is never calling, but that those spots cannot be concurrent.

Borrowed from economics, a measure of the sensitivity of a range or hand relative to the price offered.  Ranges (or hands) described as elastic will narrow, sometimes quickly, in response to increases in price.  Those described as inelastic will not.

The percent pot share of a holding or range on any given street if the hand were to go to showdown with no further betting action.

Equity Pusher
A analytic approach to the game in which a player views the correct actions only through the lens of their hands equity vs. their opponent’s range. Often this player type has a lack of understanding of overall strategy and plays their range face up with few bluffs.

Expected Value
The mathematical formula for how much a player’s action is expected to make with their hand vs. their opponent’s range. EV = ($towin * %ofwin) - ($tolose * %ofloss)

Face Up
A player is playing their range “face up” when their actions directly correspond with their desired outcome. Ex: A player bets half-pot three streets with a range that has no bluffs. A player 3bets to 7x with JJ.

False Polarization
Otherwise known as Faux-Po; a polarizing action taken with a merged range.

The result of losing your entire table stakes. All the way down to the felt.

A call of a cbet with a weak holding with the likely intention of taking the pot away when the opponent shuts down. Often done by an in position preflop caller.

The convergence of positions, stack depths, and preceding actions at a given decision point.

A mathematical formula developed by Phil Galfond for calculating the expected value of one’s range construction vs. an opponent’s holding.

A computer programming term that means "garbage in, garbage out" which also applies to poker forums when a poster seeks an in-depth conversation about a hand, but fail to provide pertinent information such as stack sizes, bets sizes, table dynamics and player tendencies.

Game Theory
The applied science of combining mathematical models with logic to craft winning poker strategies.

Game Theory Optimal
A set of strategies is GTO if no player can unilaterally deviate and increase his average profit. ~ Will Tipton.  GTO does not mean best possible response, highest EV, or maximally exploitative play.

Implied Odds
Additional value likely to be accrued if you make your hand on a later street.

Sometimes referred to as the betting lead, a common situation in which the passive player yields to the aggressive player postflop, or the last aggressor continues betting on subsequent streets.

A bet or raise intended to force out the rest of the field in order to play heads up against a weaker opponent who has entered the pot through limping, raising, or posting the blinds.

Loose aggressive player type. Generally overused and inaccurate.

A bet made from out of position after a passive action. Often referred to as a donk bet on the flop.

He knows that I know that he knows I know.

A bet or raise that signals the hand will be played for stacks.  Within reason, it is accomplished by betting with a sizing that will create RSP equal to 1 on the following street.

Limp First In

A consecutive range of hands decreasing in strength from top to bottom; generally meaning value hands. Equivalent to "merged."

Lockdown Board
A board on which the nuts have often already been made.  More prevalent in PLO but sometimes useful in no-limit, for example on monotone flops and boards with available common straights e.g. JT9, T98, 987, etc.

1) A range of hands that includes both strong and medium value; 2) in reference to medium value; 3) the merged construction describes the natural representation of a wide range through a bet.

Mini Stop-N-Go
A Seidman concept, a line taken by a OOP PFR where flop is check/called and turn is lead.

Minimum Defense Frequency (MDF)
The necessary defending (calling/raising) frequency to prevent an opponent from auto-profiting.  The inverse of APT.

Natural Action
A check, bet, or raise which is exactly suited to a player's range and situation (e.g. a pfr's continuation bet on AK2r).

A player who will not put chips into the pot without a very strong and sometimes only nutted hand.

The best possible hand.

Nuts-To-Air Ratio (NAR)
In a polarized betting line, the ratio of value to bluff.  As used by Seidman, not limited to polarization but sometimes used to label general opponent tendency of value to bluff.

Old Man Coffee. Typically an older, retired player that likes to play bingo with ATC, but will only continue with the nuts.

The first voluntary action. The first action or bet to voluntarily enter the pot.

A bet that is more than the size of the pot.

Perceived Range
Refers to the range of hands that your opponent thinks you could have in a certain playing situation. This can be interpreted and thus misinterpreted from your playing style and position at the table.

A range consisting of very strong and very weak hands.

Post Oak Bluff
A small bluff on a late street that has little chance of winning the pot.  Generally interpreted as “gutless” in the past but now fulfilling certain functions as betting efficiencies are understood.

Positional Protection
When the strength of a range is perceived to be capped or uncapped based on which position an action is taken from.

When an action or player is perceived to have strong hands in its range.

Protection Bet
A wager which denies equity to hands which will only give action if they significantly improve; "a value bet which does not want a call."

The rejection of the offered price and the laying of a new higher price.  Raises represent a more narrow range of hands and trend towards polarization.

Range Advantage
Implementation or study tool that refers to 1) most basically, equity measurement of one range against another; 2) or also including a combination of further factors including availability of nutted hands, the nuances of the runout, and positional protection.

Range Manipulation
Deliberate line work/bet sizing made to narrow a range or keep a range wide.

Range Switch
A deliberate change in range composition made to thwart a player who is reading our range too accurately in any spot.  Reduces transparency, fights assumptions, and wins the leveling war if implemented correctly.

Ratio of Stack To Pot
RSP. The stack to pot ratio at any point in a hand, generally used post-flop as opposed to Stack to Pot Ratio.

Taking a hand to showdown and realizing its full equity.  Generally used with regard to passive actions.

The mutual exchange of chips resulting from similar play and ideas.  Reciprocity is a common bi-product of group-think.  A true edge by definition cannot be reciprocal.

Relative Position
A player’s position measured against the aggressor's position.  Generally this is used going to the flop.  For example, if UTG raises and several players call behind, calling in the big blind would give you the best relative position.  You will act after seeing how the field responds to a likely continuation from the preflop aggressor.  In the same scenario calling immediately after the preflop aggressor results in the worst relative position.  You will have to act immediately after a continuation without seeing how the remaining players will respond.  Strong relative position confers an information edge.

The ability of hand to maintain equity across streets against a betting range or as part of a betting range.

Reverse Implied Odds (RIO)
Hands that often win small pots or lose large pots suffer from reverse implied odds.

Popularized by Mathew Janda, a descriptor for how well a hand retains equity over streets of play.  Hands described as robust have equity that does not suffer as an opponent's range becomes stronger.  Often these hands are currently both strong and invulnerable, or have the ability to become very strong by the river, relative to the opponent's range.

Fourth and Fifth Street cards following a given flop texture.

Scale of Protection
Poker theorem which states that the more protected or strong an opponent's range is, the higher the degree of denial or retention a counter will require.

Sklansky Bucks
Dollars won (or lost) in expected value regardless of actual hand result.

Any one of many possible poker archetypes found at low stakes games.

A reraise made after a player has raised and one or more players has called in-between.

Static Board
A flop texture in which the runout is unlikely to change the order of top ranking hands. Ex: AK7r, KK4r.

A passive action followed by an aggressive action, out of position.  For example, a call followed by a lead on the next street.

Streets of Value
A crude shorthand measurement for how much betting a hand can tolerate and still be best at showdown more often than not.

Tight aggressive opponent type. Generally overused and misapplied.

TAG's Dilemma
The paradox created by having a top-heavy range played so aggressively that it misuses equity vis-à-vis position and holding.

The Great Range Fantasy
The common idea that we know our opponent’s range and frequencies precisely; most commonly seen in post-hoc analysis to justify microedge decisions.

Thin Value
A bet that is only slightly more likely to be called by worse than by better. Associated with the merged pricing construction and bet-fold lines.

Three Fundamentals
The most fundamental variables for decision making: position, stack size, and community cards.

The best hands in a given range.

Two-Way Bet
A bet that expects calls from worse hands and incorrect folds at the same time, a simultaneous value bet and bluff line.

The psychological effect of feeling like you’re losing because your stack size isn’t as large as it once was during a session, even though it’s more than what you’re in the game for.

(e.g. You bought in for $100, ran it up $450, but now only have $175 in front of you.)

A hand that has no negative card removal effects on the target range.  Bottom set, for example, unblocks top pair top kicker.

A range that is perceived to contain the nuts in any given line.  Capped ranges may become uncapped during transitions for example from preflop to flop, or flop to turn.

A turned nut straight after raising flop with a gutter.

Value Owning
Making value bets with a hand that has less than 50% equity when called.

Voluntarily Put Money In Pot (VPIP)
The frequency at which a player limps, calls, or raises preflop.

Volatile Board
A flop texture where equities will often shift on the turn and river.  See “dynamic”.

An illusory cooler where one player makes a massive mistake equity mistake and loses his stack with a strong but second best hand; also known as a Jam Basket.

Wet Board
A board texture that allows for a lot of logical hands to continue. Often made up of medium rank connected cards. Ex: KT9tt, Tc8c6s-7c-Ac.

“Walk In, Fuck Shit Up, Walk Out” a hashtag used by instagram poker players.

Winning Player
A forum poster who offers reciprocal advice under the guise of questionable positive low stakes results. A weak player or fish, in general.

Young Man Coffee. Is very much an OMC, but younger.  They usually only continue with the nuts, often under the illusion of playing a GTO style.