I very recently completed a challenging grind, one that involved many aspects of a poker player’s life.  From the start this was, as far as individual sessions go, to be an important day for me.  Not only had I to climb back from the deficit I owe my bank and life roll, it would be best to get started this week, before I hit the road for another long trip where poker opportunities will be unfortunately minimal.  Yes, my plan is to put in serious late fall and winter hours once I return, but a strong result here would be worth the struggle twice over.  That’s not all.  My recent reflections and off table work need to be put into action. I’m eager to be thinking even more clearly about future streets, a significant theme of my conversations with Christian Soto. So corrections can and need to be made, not just in the mind.  Further, the games won’t always run this big.  For all these reasons, and if only for my peace of mind, now is the time to bring the A game and fight.

So when I hit the bank to pull out my standard number of buy-ins, only to find the doors locked for Columbus Day, I am thrown for nearly one more loop than I can handle.  To complicate the matter, I’m unusually short on cash, having made a small loan to a member of the Coven who had run badly over the weekend. My entire plan is off kilter and the session in jeopardy.  I had asked the bank to up my ATM withdrawal limit, so even if I could not take out the correct amount for the big game, I would a little more than one bullet.  I can take a shot, see how things go, then move down if it is not to be.

However, when I attempt to pull out the max allowed to me, it turns out that their machine has its own limit, independent of mine.  This completely defeats the purpose of the increased personal number, of course, and is exasperating.  I’m not at some unbranded, suspect ATM in a convenience store, or even at a remote location- I’m at my bank branch itself.  Yet now all I can take out is the default client amount.  I punch the buttons angrily and do this, but I am now headed off to a tough game with exactly one hundred big blinds and sandwich money.

On the drive to the Village, I go over my options, and form a new plan.  I will only sit in the big game if it looks soft.  This will allow me to play exploitatively.  If I have to play the preflop cat and mouse game with the usual pros and excellent regulars, I am simply not properly rolled for the variance of even one night.  When I stick in the 3bet with AJ in a good spot but am jammed on, then have to check/fold AK versus a multiway field on a caller’s board, I will suddenly be short stacked and crippled, which is no way to play poker against good opposition.  I have several buy-ins for the smaller game, and that will be not only my consolation should things go south, but wise game selection given the cash problem.

It’s a fairly long drive, at least for someone who hates commuting, and I have time to reflect on my planning errors.  I did not know it was holiday.  That means not only was I unprepared for the financial aspect, but I was not thinking ahead to the possibly different crowd.  Some of the pros like to show up later in the afternoon, so what will they do today?  What about the talented players, some of whom are close or even better than the pros, who now have the day off? Will the holiday also mean more inexperienced opponents?  Tourists even?  While focusing on my issues, I had not really meditated on the game itself.

When I walk into the poker room, it’s a red light.  The big game is packed with solid players and only two marks.  This isn’t necessarily bad.  One spot can make a game worthwhile, but with my one bullet, it’s not the game condition I was looking for.  I was looking for Calling Caleb to be sitting, in addition to the other two regular bunnies.  I put my name on the 5/10 list but sit at 3/5.  Maybe I can earn a few stacks while I wait and make a decision.  This might work out perfectly. I’m next on the list.

However, instead of chipping up and building ammo for the battle, I get dusted in the 3/5 skirmish.  After starting off strong by convincingly raising a donk bettor off his hand, I lose two flips versus short stacks. Now, if a seat opens, I can’t get into 5/10 as the minimum buy in is 100 bbs, which I no longer have.  Frustrating, but it’s not game over.  My table is soft, I still haven’t been summoned to the bigger game, and a player to my left whispers me some good news. A complete irregular has shown up (there’s the Columbus Day effect) who has been sen spewing fantastically.  He’s sitting down at my current table and his name is on the big game list as well.  I need to slow down and watch how all this develops.

However, the initial ambush isn’t over.  The dealer gifts me kings, and I get action from the Grumpy Pineapple, a miserable piece of work who is twenty five going on sixty-five.  He face is a permanent scowl.  He wears headphones at the table, and is often deeply engaged with a Pineapple app, slowing the game down just enough to not be rude, but to have a measurable effect on hands per hour, as all Pineapple players do.  He only says something when things don’t go his way, and then they are all expletives delivered at a disturbing level of vehemence.  In one of those deep twists of irony, he is a favorite of many of the female dealers, because they never hear his twisted litanies of abuse, as he talks low and quietly, seeming to be an otherwise aloof and good looking young man. (Dealers’ general daftness in regards to poker and people is an interesting subject for another time.)

Against the Grumpy Pineapple I flop top set.  There are draws.  I cbet and he calls.  Only a gutter comes in, and we get it all in on the turn: he has binked the gutter, and top set is ruined.  What’s also destroyed are most of my remaining hopes of playing in the big game.  Now I’ll have to grind out 3/5 just to get even.  I am in a corner, but unlike other days, I’m not going home.  This is a real battle and there is no retreat today.  I’m prepared, scored extremely high on the mental game prep quiz, and should be playing poker.

I put my final buy in on the table and the Goddess decides I have had enough runbad.  I decline to isolate 67hh from the big blind, as my opposition is on the shorter side.  I lead a favorable straightening and heart flushing board, prepared to go broke if necessary.   One caller.  Magically, I hit the straight flush on the turn.  I check it over to my opponent, who has straights and flushes in his range, and may not suspect I am leading draws.  When I check, my hand looks like a pair, which may have picked up a draw.  He bets, I call.  A blank on the river.  I think he has a big hand, so I shove for 4x pot.  I watch him from the corner of my eye, and get a read that he is calling.  After a full minute, he proves me right, and now I have most of my money back.

With a better image and the new, rumored spewer at my table, I make a Gargamelesque maneuver.  I take my name off the 5/10 list, with the intention of putting it back on, at the bottom.  I don’t want to go into the main game, but be placed at the table that’s going to open, and which will have several weaker players.  After a few orbits, this transpires, and 5/10 is formed.  I have my hundred bbs and a very manageable table for a one shot effort.

Or so I thought.  Instead, the spewer that was pointed out to me declines 5/10!  I’ve come around to flank him but the enemy is not there.  I look over at him helplessly, like a cop who has been bested by a clever, winking robber.  However, it gets much worse.  The spewer is replaced by a pro you’ve seen on the various streaming games and TV.  He has direct position on me.

This is almost checkmate to my battle strategy.  It’s not that I’m afraid of tangling with him, it’s that the variance will be too high for one bullet.  Poker is a game of information, and information comes not only from the present, but the past.  We will have to tangle and dance to establish a victor or at least who goes to the cage with more plastic discs.  One or two hands is nothing, and all the information, if not the money, will be lost.

I like the rest of the table, so I decide to give it a few orbits.  I don’t run very well, having to miserably fold queens to a flop raise from a player with nearly no bluffs in her range and the right kind of positional indifference to end up with a better hand in that spot, but I break even.  Then an oddity develops.  The strong pro has stepped away, and his seat is accumulating missed blind buttons.  Soon he should be removed from the table.  Most dealers know to not call the floor when a fish is at risk of being racked up, yet this player is given so much respect and latitude, his chips sit untouched for far longer than they should.  Without him the game is fine, and after an hour I decide to go on break to refocus.  I’ve taken a small beat and need to sure I am in the right mental place to make this work.

When I return, the game has gotten better, but there is a problem just when I want to continue.  A strong tournament player who loves to straddle is encouraging rounds of it.  I can’t play 50 bb poker, and nor do I want to.  I’m not here for high variance.  I make the decision to give up 5/10, at least for now, and beat a strategic retreat to 3/5.  I had planned for this, so I am not defeated.  I am up a few hundred dollars, and at very least, I’ve moved the trench forward.

However, the Goddess doesn’t want me there.  Bizarrely, the 3/5 list is shortening while the big game list lengthens, in what seems to be another holiday ripple.  The floor informs us that our game will be converted to 5/10 if we are willing, which will allow more players overall to have seats.

This table is exactly the kind of table I was angling for earlier.  It’s short-handed and soft, exactly suited to my skill set.  The tournament player who loved straddling ends up at my table, but shorthanded, I know I have the edge and don’t mind whatever he does. Within a few orbits, I have made my hourly for the day and have control of the table, should it continue.  I defend in one spot, hit a text book board to float and steal on the river, and it goes down as if it were from a textbook.  I get a three bet called and win with a cbet unchallenged.

Unfortunately, the tournament reg breaks the victim of my float steal by making a gambling call, and in doing so, our game gets even shorter and is pieced out to the other tables.  I am now back, by coincidence, to the first 5/10 table I sat down out in the afternoon.  However, now I have the ammunition to play better.

I am given a very favorable seat, with the short stack on my right, a very good nit on my left, and relatively good position on a very aggressive, almost button clicking player who will in time define my night.  He is a mystery.  Like many big game players, he does not grind the smaller stakes where I often play, and I only see him whenever the stakes get higher than 3/5.  I do not know what this means.  I have the feeling is a former tournament winner who now has a family and can only play certain days, including this one.

This is a full ring game with all seats filled, and I pick my spots carefully.  I let the mysterious loose aggressive take me off Ace high on one turn when the runout favors him.  I take back the money in an equivalent spot.  For an hour or so the movement and feints of battle set up my image as tight.  Then I start the moves, three betting and accumulating chips.  It’s not the hardest game, but not the softest.  I am never all in, no one is gambling, we’re all fighting for pots at a high frequency.  In the smoke and confusion of so much action, I’m chipping up, slowly bleeding my earn from the table.  That is often what NL is.

However, just when you think the day is won is when you should be on your guard. I had made all the right moves for hours, on the table and off, then ran into trouble as I counted down my last few hands. There are multiple levels of problems to sort out, and even as I write this, I see that I can take some comfort in having recognized them, at least.  All the difficulties in my session, even the table and seat decisions, had to do with conflicting ideas.  Yogi Berra may counsel taking the fork in the road (as both paths apparently led to his doorstep), but poker is a Choose your own Adventure story where each consequence is different.

Two spots reversed big gains I had made in the final hour of my play.  In the first one, I felt I was forced to respect the UTG range of a very good but tight player, and chose not to 3bet a very strong hand from the blinds.  When he checked back the flop, I realized he was at the bottom of his UTG range, that I had been tricked into being cautious. I took the lead and decided to go for two streets.  However, on the river, a bad card came, one which completed straights and a single two pair combo that he might play in this fashion- maybe.  This, unfortunately and as I have I written here before, did not deter me from a thin value bet.  I was in fact conflicted about the value bet, but again went to my happy place, trying not to see monsters.

I was called by the two pair combo and I realized my focus was wavering.  I had not learned the lesson I written about.  Yet if it were earlier in the day, I may have been able to make a better decision: fatigue might be creeping in.  Yes, he had gotten lucky and I had gotten unlucky.  However, there are other problems.  When he shows up with this hand, it means his game has changed.  He is not as nitty as before, and the three bet from me would have taken down the pot or won it by the turn.  My old info conflicted with the new.

The final hand of the session was inevitably with the mysterious aggressive player. I had won quite a few pots from him today, and clearly had the upper hand in our own, shadow dynamic I doubt anybody but us knew about.  With a big stack in front of me, I picked up a premium pair, which I choose to three bet over his UTG range.  The LAG’s range is very different from the tight player in the hand I just described, really night and day, so that here I can three bet, not regardless, but with confidence that I am far ahead.  When the action got around, he snap called, which was odd and out of sync with his usual timing and behavior: he had planned to call the moment he opened.  I realized his range was not the A8s garbage he drives the table with so often, from any spot.  He had two very playable cards, and they were likely the same number.

I continued on a very favorable flop, and was called.  This is standard for him, and means very little.  He will float with any pair and any good ace.  I need a blank now; we are very deep and my whole stack is at risk.

Then a remarkable thing happened.  On the dealing of the turn card, my opponent gave off a classic strength tell.  This is a tell that has saved me so much money in the past, and given me an almost unfair advantage in the war of reciprocity.

The problem was my analytical side refused to believe it.  The card was a total, blanket, blank blank.   I would have wished for this exact card, if I did such things. A nothing card. It made one hand or two types of hands, really only one passed on positional hand reading and the snap call.

So what happened is that I bet it anyway.  And he check raised me.  The thing about this player, is that he is very aggressive with the betting lead or when checked to, but has no real check raising range.

I fold. Because of this bet on the turn -which disregarded a priceless observation- I missed out on showdown, even possibly resucking out, or at least realizing my equity.  Perhaps most preciously, confirming my read. All I had to do was check behind and call the river bullet. Now I’m in the dark.

There was a recent thread in 2p2 where Mason Malmuth extolled the virtue of strategy over mental game, and although I agree with his premise that one is more important than the other, this spot shows entirely why mental game is a serious thing to consider.  Analytically, my turn bet was the right play.  There is no doubt about this.  I am far ahead of his range and can be called.  It is a value bet scenario.  Yet I have secret information that tells me I should check.  Properly rested and in a perfect state of mind, I make a wonderful check here that goes against optimal strategy.

I rack up.  I have made two mistakes in a row and have just punted off a hefty portion of my profits, literally a day of my win rate in one hand.  Yet as I badly as I felt or should have felt, and despite these casualties, I had put in an important win.  I came into a tough game with one bullet and made it work.  I never got to cooler anyone or luckbox anything.  I made fundamentally good folds that if I had been undisciplined, would have yielded me some lucky donkey dollars.  What I have done, is fight my way to my hourly for the day, and then some.

No one cares about me when I leave or even says a word, but I have retired with grace from a complex and challenging field, one of the victors, and ready to do better when summoned again.


  1. Good work. For what it’s worth, when I showed up on Labor Day to play 5/10, I arrived at 1:30pm and the game was devoid of the pros.

    You can do a cash back transaction at the supermarket for at least a few hundred at a time then repeat there or elsewhere with your debit card.

  2. Tells are not something I give away. I acknowledge their existence and we can work on them, but not going to publish any info on this frontier. You can work on it and find stuff, though. GL.

    1. You are gracious. Wasn’t trying to catch you. I was just surprised when you talked about the other tell. The situations are probably different.

      Baselines and deviations… that gives me a scientific way to work on it. Thank you.

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The OOP Lexicon is a user-developed poker glossary.

Absolute Position
Being last to act (e.g. closest to the button) postflop.

Advancing Leverage
Aggressive actions intended to shift the leverage point closer to the current street.

A bluff or value hand which is a natural candidate for balancing another hand because of their shared qualities, such as AA and AK; usually helps planning range splitting and line construction.

Auto profit threshold (APT)
A bluff made with positive expectation resulting from the opponent under defending vis-a-vis bet sizing. The inverse of MDF.

Choosing to support either value bets or bluffs with their converse.

A bet is a proposition.  It’s the first offer on the pot with regard to the outcome of the game. Each player, in turn, has the opportunity to lay or change the price on the pot to the rest of the players. “The language of poker.” The bet, as opposed to the raise, is most often and most easily allied to the merged pricing construction.

To remove combinations of hands from a range based on cards in your hand or on the board.

Cards which influence our combinatorial assumptions. Ex: We face resistance on T76ss while we hold As7d. Both our cards act as blockers. Our ace of spades blocks (limits) a number of flush draws our opponent could hold, while our seven blocks a number of two pair and sets our opponent could hold. *See also Block and Unblock

Blocker Bet
A small bet made by an out-of-position player.

Board Texture
The available community cards and the set of conditions which inform its relationship to a logical range.

The worst hands in a betting range.  Depending on context this could be the worst hand in a value bet range or the bluffing section of polarized range.

A range descriptor indicating a range shape with a specific high or low boundary.  A range bounded high won't contain some number of the best linear hands ranked from the top down.  This is equivalent to a "capped" range.  A range bounded low won't contain some number of the worst linear hands ranked from the bottom up.  This is often useful to describe a range that doesn't include any air or very weak hands.

A strategic mode in which a player is attempting to deny their opponent(s) equity share of the pot through aggression. Often referred to as “denying equity” or “buying up equity”.

A range is capped when it represents little to no nutted combinations as confirmed by prior action.

A continuation bet. A bet made by the player with initiative as a continuation of their initiative on a prior street.

The ability to accurately range an opponent based on all available information at a decision point.  An understanding of your hands exact equity.

Closing Action
Acting last where no subsequent action is possible behind you.  For example calling a UTG raise in the BB or calling in position postflop with no players behind.

Cold Call/Cold Bet
An action is considered “cold” when it comes from a player entering into the pot has not previously put chips voluntarily in the pot. Ex: the UTG opens, the BTN 3bets. If the SB were to call or raise, it would be a cold-call or a cold-4bet.

The branch of mathematics the deals with finite number sets. Used in poker in determining the amount of combinations of certain hands in a range.

When a blind that is not the biggest blind calls the amount of the biggest blind. Ex: At $2/$5, action folds around to the SB and the SB completes. Meaning they just call. The BB can complete when there is a straddle.

A capped range that contains only middling value hands. A range without the polarized portion.

Logical advancement of combinations across streets.

Dark Side of the Deck
The large swath of hands, often off-suit, that fall outside of conventional playable recommendations. Counter-equity hands.

Dead Money
Money in the pot that is not being fought for.  A passive player creates dead money when they call a bet preflop and looking to play fit-or-fold postflop. Dead Money is often confused with the money in the pot.

Delayed Cbet
A cbet made on the turn by the preflop raiser when the flop checked through.

Delaying Leverage
Passive actions intended to maintain a likely late street leverage point, or possibly to avoid a leverage point entirely.

A strategic break from one’s standard construction as an exploit of a particular player’s profile or construction.

Diminishing Medium Value Category
A Seidman concept in which when one’s middling value hand range is too small and transparent to our opponent and thus either that range should be shifted into the top of a polarized range or the nutted portion should be shifted into the medium value range. Ex: AQo or TT being 3bet preflop.

A cbet that is less than the preflop raise. Ex: BTN opens to $25, we 3bet to $90 from the SB, BTN calls. On the flop we cbet $70.

Dry Board
A board texture that yields relatively few logical hands value. Often containing one medium or high card and disconnected low cards. Ex: Q53r, T622r.

Dual Mentalities
A Seidman concept in which when we decide to go postflop with a weak hand against a nutted range, we should either be looking to out flop it or steal the pot away. We base our decision against the player type we are up against and never go post with both mentalities at once.

Dynamic Board
A flop texture in which the runout is very likely to change the order of top ranking hands. Ex: 954tt, 742r.

Effective Stack
The smallest stack to VPIP in a given hand. Their stack decides the amount of money that can be played for or threatened before an all-in.

Effective nuts
A value hand that can be played for stacks as if it were the actual nuts.  This is a relative hand ranking based on range assumptions and opponent type.

A measure of how well the equity of a hand is deployed. Efficiency can also be used as a measure of what is risked vs what is gained for a given bet size.

Either/Or Philosophy
A Seidman concept in which a particular street can be a very good spot for value, meaning our opponent is never folding, or a very good spot to bluff, meaning our opponent is never calling, but that those spots cannot be concurrent.

Borrowed from economics, a measure of the sensitivity of a range or hand relative to the price offered.  Ranges (or hands) described as elastic will narrow, sometimes quickly, in response to increases in price.  Those described as inelastic will not.

The percent pot share of a holding or range on any given street if the hand were to go to showdown with no further betting action.

Equity Pusher
A analytic approach to the game in which a player views the correct actions only through the lens of their hands equity vs. their opponent’s range. Often this player type has a lack of understanding of overall strategy and plays their range face up with few bluffs.

Expected Value
The mathematical formula for how much a player’s action is expected to make with their hand vs. their opponent’s range. EV = ($towin * %ofwin) - ($tolose * %ofloss)

Face Up
A player is playing their range “face up” when their actions directly correspond with their desired outcome. Ex: A player bets half-pot three streets with a range that has no bluffs. A player 3bets to 7x with JJ.

False Polarization
Otherwise known as Faux-Po; a polarizing action taken with a merged range.

The result of losing your entire table stakes. All the way down to the felt.

A call of a cbet with a weak holding with the likely intention of taking the pot away when the opponent shuts down. Often done by an in position preflop caller.

The convergence of positions, stack depths, and preceding actions at a given decision point.

A mathematical formula developed by Phil Galfond for calculating the expected value of one’s range construction vs. an opponent’s holding.

A computer programming term that means "garbage in, garbage out" which also applies to poker forums when a poster seeks an in-depth conversation about a hand, but fail to provide pertinent information such as stack sizes, bets sizes, table dynamics and player tendencies.

Game Theory
The applied science of combining mathematical models with logic to craft winning poker strategies.

Game Theory Optimal
A set of strategies is GTO if no player can unilaterally deviate and increase his average profit. ~ Will Tipton.  GTO does not mean best possible response, highest EV, or maximally exploitative play.

Implied Odds
Additional value likely to be accrued if you make your hand on a later street.

Sometimes referred to as the betting lead, a common situation in which the passive player yields to the aggressive player postflop, or the last aggressor continues betting on subsequent streets.

A bet or raise intended to force out the rest of the field in order to play heads up against a weaker opponent who has entered the pot through limping, raising, or posting the blinds.

Loose aggressive player type. Generally overused and inaccurate.

A bet made from out of position after a passive action. Often referred to as a donk bet on the flop.

He knows that I know that he knows I know.

A bet or raise that signals the hand will be played for stacks.  Within reason, it is accomplished by betting with a sizing that will create RSP equal to 1 on the following street.

Limp First In

A consecutive range of hands decreasing in strength from top to bottom; generally meaning value hands. Equivalent to "merged."

Lockdown Board
A board on which the nuts have often already been made.  More prevalent in PLO but sometimes useful in no-limit, for example on monotone flops and boards with available common straights e.g. JT9, T98, 987, etc.

1) A range of hands that includes both strong and medium value; 2) in reference to medium value; 3) the merged construction describes the natural representation of a wide range through a bet.

Mini Stop-N-Go
A Seidman concept, a line taken by a OOP PFR where flop is check/called and turn is lead.

Minimum Defense Frequency (MDF)
The necessary defending (calling/raising) frequency to prevent an opponent from auto-profiting.  The inverse of APT.

Natural Action
A check, bet, or raise which is exactly suited to a player's range and situation (e.g. a pfr's continuation bet on AK2r).

A player who will not put chips into the pot without a very strong and sometimes only nutted hand.

The best possible hand.

Nuts-To-Air Ratio (NAR)
In a polarized betting line, the ratio of value to bluff.  As used by Seidman, not limited to polarization but sometimes used to label general opponent tendency of value to bluff.

Old Man Coffee. Typically an older, retired player that likes to play bingo with ATC, but will only continue with the nuts.

The first voluntary action. The first action or bet to voluntarily enter the pot.

A bet that is more than the size of the pot.

Perceived Range
Refers to the range of hands that your opponent thinks you could have in a certain playing situation. This can be interpreted and thus misinterpreted from your playing style and position at the table.

A range consisting of very strong and very weak hands.

Post Oak Bluff
A small bluff on a late street that has little chance of winning the pot.  Generally interpreted as “gutless” in the past but now fulfilling certain functions as betting efficiencies are understood.

Positional Protection
When the strength of a range is perceived to be capped or uncapped based on which position an action is taken from.

When an action or player is perceived to have strong hands in its range.

Protection Bet
A wager which denies equity to hands which will only give action if they significantly improve; "a value bet which does not want a call."

The rejection of the offered price and the laying of a new higher price.  Raises represent a more narrow range of hands and trend towards polarization.

Range Advantage
Implementation or study tool that refers to 1) most basically, equity measurement of one range against another; 2) or also including a combination of further factors including availability of nutted hands, the nuances of the runout, and positional protection.

Range Manipulation
Deliberate line work/bet sizing made to narrow a range or keep a range wide.

Range Switch
A deliberate change in range composition made to thwart a player who is reading our range too accurately in any spot.  Reduces transparency, fights assumptions, and wins the leveling war if implemented correctly.

Ratio of Stack To Pot
RSP. The stack to pot ratio at any point in a hand, generally used post-flop as opposed to Stack to Pot Ratio.

Taking a hand to showdown and realizing its full equity.  Generally used with regard to passive actions.

The mutual exchange of chips resulting from similar play and ideas.  Reciprocity is a common bi-product of group-think.  A true edge by definition cannot be reciprocal.

Relative Position
A player’s position measured against the aggressor's position.  Generally this is used going to the flop.  For example, if UTG raises and several players call behind, calling in the big blind would give you the best relative position.  You will act after seeing how the field responds to a likely continuation from the preflop aggressor.  In the same scenario calling immediately after the preflop aggressor results in the worst relative position.  You will have to act immediately after a continuation without seeing how the remaining players will respond.  Strong relative position confers an information edge.

The ability of hand to maintain equity across streets against a betting range or as part of a betting range.

Reverse Implied Odds (RIO)
Hands that often win small pots or lose large pots suffer from reverse implied odds.

Popularized by Mathew Janda, a descriptor for how well a hand retains equity over streets of play.  Hands described as robust have equity that does not suffer as an opponent's range becomes stronger.  Often these hands are currently both strong and invulnerable, or have the ability to become very strong by the river, relative to the opponent's range.

Fourth and Fifth Street cards following a given flop texture.

Scale of Protection
Poker theorem which states that the more protected or strong an opponent's range is, the higher the degree of denial or retention a counter will require.

Sklansky Bucks
Dollars won (or lost) in expected value regardless of actual hand result.

Any one of many possible poker archetypes found at low stakes games.

A reraise made after a player has raised and one or more players has called in-between.

Static Board
A flop texture in which the runout is unlikely to change the order of top ranking hands. Ex: AK7r, KK4r.

A passive action followed by an aggressive action, out of position.  For example, a call followed by a lead on the next street.

Streets of Value
A crude shorthand measurement for how much betting a hand can tolerate and still be best at showdown more often than not.

Tight aggressive opponent type. Generally overused and misapplied.

TAG's Dilemma
The paradox created by having a top-heavy range played so aggressively that it misuses equity vis-à-vis position and holding.

The Great Range Fantasy
The common idea that we know our opponent’s range and frequencies precisely; most commonly seen in post-hoc analysis to justify microedge decisions.

Thin Value
A bet that is only slightly more likely to be called by worse than by better. Associated with the merged pricing construction and bet-fold lines.

Three Fundamentals
The most fundamental variables for decision making: position, stack size, and community cards.

The best hands in a given range.

Two-Way Bet
A bet that expects calls from worse hands and incorrect folds at the same time, a simultaneous value bet and bluff line.

The psychological effect of feeling like you’re losing because your stack size isn’t as large as it once was during a session, even though it’s more than what you’re in the game for.

(e.g. You bought in for $100, ran it up $450, but now only have $175 in front of you.)

A hand that has no negative card removal effects on the target range.  Bottom set, for example, unblocks top pair top kicker.

A range that is perceived to contain the nuts in any given line.  Capped ranges may become uncapped during transitions for example from preflop to flop, or flop to turn.

A turned nut straight after raising flop with a gutter.

Value Owning
Making value bets with a hand that has less than 50% equity when called.

Voluntarily Put Money In Pot (VPIP)
The frequency at which a player limps, calls, or raises preflop.

Volatile Board
A flop texture where equities will often shift on the turn and river.  See “dynamic”.

An illusory cooler where one player makes a massive mistake equity mistake and loses his stack with a strong but second best hand; also known as a Jam Basket.

Wet Board
A board texture that allows for a lot of logical hands to continue. Often made up of medium rank connected cards. Ex: KT9tt, Tc8c6s-7c-Ac.

“Walk In, Fuck Shit Up, Walk Out” a hashtag used by instagram poker players.

Winning Player
A forum poster who offers reciprocal advice under the guise of questionable positive low stakes results. A weak player or fish, in general.

Young Man Coffee. Is very much an OMC, but younger.  They usually only continue with the nuts, often under the illusion of playing a GTO style.